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Assessment of Atmospheric Propagation Effects in SAR Images

Danklmayer, Andreas und Döring, Björn und Schwerdt, Marco und Chandra, Madhu (2009) Assessment of Atmospheric Propagation Effects in SAR Images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 47 (10), Seiten 3507-3518. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society. ISSN 0196-2892.

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TerraSAR-X, the first civil German synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite, was successfully launched on June 15th 2007. After 4.5 days the first processed image was obtained. The overall quality of the image was outstanding, however, suspicious features could be identified which showed precipitation related signatures. These rain-cell signatures are thoroughly investigated and the physical background of the related propagation effects are provided. In addition rain cell signatures from former missions like SIR-C/X and SRTM are provided for comparison. During the commissioning phase of TerraSAR-X, a total of 12000 scenes were investigated for potential propagation effects and about 100 scenes revealed atmospheric effects to a visible extent. Some of the particularly interesting events were selected and are discussed in greater detail. An interesting case of a data acquisition over New York will be presented which shows typical rain-cell signatures and the SAR image will be compared with weatherradar data acquired nearly simultaneously (within the same minute). By comparing the images it can be clearly shown that reflectivities in the weather radar image of 50 dBZ may cause visible artefacts in SAR images. Furthermore, in this contribution we discuss the influence of the atmosphere (troposphere) on the external calibration (XCAL) of TerraSAR-X. By acquiring simultaneous weather-radar data over the test-site and the SAR-acquisition it was possible to flag affected SAR images and to exclude them from the procedure to derive the absolute calibration constant. Thus, it was possible to decrease the 1 σ uncertainty of the absolute calibration factor by 0.15 dB.

Titel:Assessment of Atmospheric Propagation Effects in SAR Images
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Chandra, MadhuChemnitz University of Technology
Datum:Oktober 2009
Erschienen in:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Seitenbereich:Seiten 3507-3518
Verlag:IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society
Name der Reihe:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Stichwörter:Synthetic Aperture Radar, rain, attenuation, propagation, TerraSAR-X
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben SAR-Expert-Support-Lab (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Radarsysteme > Radarkonzepte
Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Radarsysteme
Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Radarsysteme > Satelliten-SAR-Systeme
Hinterlegt von: Dr.-Ing. Andreas Danklmayer
Hinterlegt am:31 Mär 2009
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:31

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