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Selection of operational criteria for a collision avoidance system

Meyer zu Hörste, Michael und Grimm, Matthias und Lehner, Andreas und Pelz, Markus (2008) Selection of operational criteria for a collision avoidance system. In: EURNEX - Zel 2008 EDIS Zilina. Seiten 244-250. ISBN 978-80-8070-852-8.

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Kurzfassung

In fallback situations as well as in construction sites collisions between rail vehicles are one of the major common accident causes. Common interlocking and train control systems support undisturbed operation. The GALILEO programme is Europe’s initiative to develop a civil global navigation satellite system that provides highly accurate and reliable positioning, navigation and timing services. GALILEO will provide real-time positioning services at the metre level as a result of improved orbits, better clocks, dual frequency and enhanced navigation algorithms as well as integrity information. For safety of life (SoL) applications, local elements can be integrated to provide more accurate positioning, communication and/or information services. For example, GALILEO Local Elements will be developed and adapted to meet specific requirements in rail transportation. This allows also for a modernization of automatic train control technology. This is advisable because of the still existing collisions between trains or other kinds of obstacles (construction vehicles, construction workers, pedestrians), even if comprehensive and complex technology is extensively deployed in the infrastructure which should help to avoid such collisions. Experiences from the aeronautical Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) as well as the maritime Automatic Identification System (AIS) have shown that the probability of collisions can be significantly reduced with collision avoidance support systems, which do hardly require infrastructure components. In this article an approach is proposed for a “Railway Collision Avoidance System - RCAS” consisting only of mobile ad-hoc components, i.e. without the necessity of extensions of the railway infrastructure. Each train determines its position, direction and speed using GALILEO and broadcasts this information via mobile radio, complemented with other important information such as dangerous goods classifications in the region of its current location. This information can be received and evaluated by other trains, which may – if a potential collision is detected – lead to traffic alerts and resolution advisories up to direct interventions, which is usually applying the brakes. The contribution presents a selection of the relevant scenarios for the application of RCAS. Low Traffic density lines are well suited as well as large construction sites and industrial networks. Specific application cases are shunting yards, where a very high number of moving objects are supervised.

Dokumentart:Beitrag in einem Lehr- oder Fachbuch
Titel:Selection of operational criteria for a collision avoidance system
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Meyer zu Hörste, MichaelNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Grimm, MatthiasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Lehner, AndreasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Pelz, MarkusNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Juni 2008
Erschienen in:EURNEX - Zel 2008
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:1
Seitenbereich:Seiten 244-250
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Universität Zilina, NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Verlag:EDIS Zilina
ISBN:978-80-8070-852-8
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:GALILEO, RCAS, railway, collision avoidance,
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - Fahrzeugenergiesysteme (alt)
Standort: Braunschweig , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik > Bahnsysteme
Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation > Nachrichtensysteme
Hinterlegt von: Stefanie Schwartz
Hinterlegt am:14 Jul 2008
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 15:02

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