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Urey: Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector

Bada, J. L. and Ehrenfreund, P. and Grunthaner, F. and Blaney, D. and Coleman, M. and Farrington, A. and Yen, A. and Mathies, R. and Amudson, R. and Quinn, R. and Zent, A. and Ride, S. and Barron, L. and Botta, O. and Clark, B. and Glavin, D. and Hofmann, B. and Josset, J. L. and Rettberg, P. and Robert, F. and Sephton, M. (2008) Urey: Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector. Space Science Reviews, 135, pp. 269-279. Springer Science+Business Media. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-007-9213-3. ISSN 0038-6308 (Print) 1572-9672 (Online).

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Abstract

One of the fundamental challenges facing the scientific community as we enter this new century of Mars research is to understand, in a rigorous manner, the biotic potential both past and present of this outermost terrestrial-like planet in our solar system. Urey: Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector has been selected for the Pasteur payload of the European Space Agency’s (ESA’s) ExoMars rover mission and is considered a fundamental instrument to achieve the mission’s scientific objectives. The instrument is named Urey in recognition of Harold Clayton Urey’s seminal contributions to cosmochemistry, geochemistry, and the study of the origin of life. The overall goal of Urey is to search for organic compounds directly in the regolith of Mars and to assess their origin. Urey will perform a groundbreaking investigation of the Martian environment that will involve searching for organic compounds indicative of life and prebiotic chemistry at a sensitivity many orders of magnitude greater than Viking or other in situ organic detection systems. Urey will perform the first in situ search for key classes of organic molecules using state-of-the-art analytical methods that provide part-per-trillion sensitivity. It will ascertain whether any of these molecules are abiotic or biotic in origin and will evaluate the survival potential of organic compounds in the environment using state-of-the-art chemoresistor oxidant sensors.

Document Type:Article
Title:Urey: Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Bada, J. L.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093-0212, USA
Ehrenfreund, P.Leiden Institute of Chemistry, PO Box 9502, 2300 Leiden, The Netherlands
Grunthaner, F.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Blaney, D.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Coleman, M.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Farrington, A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Yen, A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Mathies, R.University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Amudson, R.University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Quinn, R.SETI Institute, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
Zent, A.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
Ride, S.Imaginary Lines, Inc., 9191 Towne Centre Dr, San Diego, CA 92122-122, USA
Barron, L.Department of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK
Botta, O.International Space Science Institute, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Clark, B.Space Exploration Systems, Lockheed Martin, Denver, CO 80201, USA
Glavin, D.NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 915.0, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Hofmann, B.Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde Bern, 3005 Bern, Switzerland
Josset, J. L.Space Exploration Institute SPACE-X, Neuchatel, Switzerland
Rettberg, P.UNSPECIFIED
Robert, F.Muséum National Histoire Naturelle, LEME – NanoAnalyses, 75005 Paris, France
Sephton, M.Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:135
DOI:10.1007/s11214-007-9213-3
Page Range:pp. 269-279
Publisher:Springer Science+Business Media
ISSN:0038-6308 (Print) 1572-9672 (Online)
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, Life detection instrumentation, Space research
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:27 Aug 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 14:58

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