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Biofuels and alternative fuels in Europe: Status, Challenges and Technology-Trends

Friedrich, Horst E. und Schmid, Stephan A. und Ehrenberger, Simone I. (2007) Biofuels and alternative fuels in Europe: Status, Challenges and Technology-Trends. 1st Brazilian Workshop on Green Chemistry, 2007-11-18 - 2007-11-21, Fortaleza, Brasil.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.cenea.org.br/bwgc/index.php

Kurzfassung

From a historical point of view, using agricultural products for fueling of transport is a well-known objective among automobile engineers, but never became accepted in Europe. But as the motivations of political and economic actors for searching alternatives to fossil fuels have changed, the idea of using renewable energies for transport systems is more popular than ever and the use of such fuels is widely supported. Biofuels and alternative fuels provide a way to lower greenhouse gas emissions and reduce dependencies on fossil fuel resources. However, biomass resources in Europe as well as reductions of greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuels are limited. Four factors are important: crop characteristics, climate conditions (geography), conversion and powertrain technologies. This paper gives an overview of different types of alternative fuels relevant in Europe and the status of production and demand for biofuels in the transport sector in Europe. We aim to explain how the developments in this sector correspond with the political targets of the European Union and which measures are taken. In order to reach these targets, the member states have implemented different support systems. Yet it seems to be unlikely that the goals given by EU policy can be reached without further technological developments. Regarding these difficulties in establishing a European biofuel trade system, we analyse the research efforts supported by the EU. Such programs mainly consider resources, production and performance of alternative fuels as well as their adaptation to vehicles. Drawing present and prospective powertrain technologies into account, we compare different alternative fuel chains and present scenarios for future fuels and emissions.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Biofuels and alternative fuels in Europe: Status, Challenges and Technology-Trends
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Friedrich, Horst E.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Schmid, Stephan A.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Ehrenberger, Simone I.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2007
Stichwörter:Alternative Antriebe
Veranstaltungstitel:1st Brazilian Workshop on Green Chemistry
Veranstaltungsort:Fortaleza, Brasil
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2007-11-18 - 2007-11-21
Veranstalter :Center for Alternative Energy and the Environment (CENEA)
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V -- keine Zuordnung
Standort: Stuttgart
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Fahrzeugkonzepte
Hinterlegt von: Irene Mangieri
Hinterlegt am:13 Mär 2008
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:30

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