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Impact of Changing Industrial Value Chains on Freight Transport Demand

Lenz, Barbara and Menge, Julius (2008) Impact of Changing Industrial Value Chains on Freight Transport Demand. TRB 2008 (87th Annual Meeting), 2008-01-13 - 2008-01-17, Washington, DC (USA).

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Abstract

A massive change of the production system characterizes the economic development of the last decades inducing an increased transport demand because of the re-organization of value chains. While there is a consensus about the general relationship between the modification of the system and its impact on transport, it has not been clarified until now what this means on the level of the firm from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective. Which firms are particularly affected by these changes and what does this mean for their ‘new’ transport demand? Empirical knowledge about these particular effects on transport demand is quite modest. While a number of highly aggregated descriptive data about production and traffic are collected and registered, detailed information about effects on freight traffic is rare. On the basis of a representative standardized empirical survey among more than 900 manufacturing firms in Germany, the article investigates the impact of outsourcing and just-in-time delivery and production on the transport demand of the individual firm. It can be shown that the structural modifications of both sales and supply markets have multiple direct effects on transport demand and freight traffic, above all the increase in transport demand – however with considerable variations depending from firm size and branch.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Impact of Changing Industrial Value Chains on Freight Transport Demand
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Lenz, BarbaraUNSPECIFIED
Menge, JuliusUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2008
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
The National Academies, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:value chains, freight transport demand
Event Title:TRB 2008 (87th Annual Meeting)
Event Location:Washington, DC (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-01-13 - 2008-01-17
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Wirtschaftsverkehr
Deposited By: Paul Hebes
Deposited On:28 Jan 2008
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:29

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