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Vertical profiling of Saharan dust with Raman lidars and airborne HSRL in southern Morocco during SAMUM

Tesche, Matthias and Ansmann, Albert and Müller, Detlef and Althausen, Dietrich and Mattis, Ina and Heese, Birgit and Freudenthaler, Volker and Wiegner, Matthias and Esselborn, Michael and Pisani, Gianluca and Knippertz, Peter (2009) Vertical profiling of Saharan dust with Raman lidars and airborne HSRL in southern Morocco during SAMUM. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61B, pp. 144-164. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00390.x.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118533053/home

Abstract

Three groundâ��based Raman lidars and an airborne highâ��spectralâ��resolution lidar (HSRL) were operated during SAMUM 2006 in southern Morocco to measure height profiles of the volume extinction coefficient, the extinctionâ��toâ��backscatter ratio, and the depolarization ratio of dust particles in the Saharan dust layer at several wavelengths. Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) Sun photometer observations and radiosounding of meteorological parameters complemented the groundâ��based activities at the SAMUM station of Ouarzazate. Four case studies are presented. Two case studies deal with the comparison of observations of the three groundâ��based lidars during a heavy dust outbreak and of the ground lidars with the airborne lidar. Two further cases show profile observations during satellite overpasses on May 19 and June 4, 2006. The height resolved statistical analysis reveals that the dust layer depth typically reaches 4â��6 km height above sea level (asl), sometimes even 7 km. A vertically inhomogeneous dust plume with internal dust layers was usually observed in the morning before the evolution of the boundary layer starts. The Saharan dust layer was wellâ��mixed in the early evening. The 500 nm dust optical depth ranged from 0.2â��0.8 at the field site to the south of the High Atlas mountains, Angstrom exponents derived from photometer and lidar data were between 0â��0.4. The volume extinction coefficients (355, 532 nm) varied from 30â��300 Mm<sup>-1</sup> with a mean value of 100 Mm<sup>-1</sup> in the lowest 4 km a.s.l.. On average, extinctionâ��toâ��backscatter ratios of 53â��55 sr (�±7â��13 sr) were obtained at 355, 532, and 1064 nm.

Document Type:Article
Title:Vertical profiling of Saharan dust with Raman lidars and airborne HSRL in southern Morocco during SAMUM
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Tesche, MatthiasIfT, Leipzig
Ansmann, AlbertIfT,Leipzig
Müller, DetlefIfT, Leipzig
Althausen, DietrichIfT, Leipzig
Mattis, InaIfT, Leipzig
Heese, BirgitIfT, Leipzig
Freudenthaler, VolkerLMU, München
Wiegner, MatthiasLMU, München
Esselborn, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Pisani, GianlucaUniv. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, I
Knippertz, PeterJohannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, Mainz
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:61B
DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00390.x
Page Range:pp. 144-164
Status:Published
Keywords:Saharan dust, lidar ratio, aerosol detection, HSRL, Raman lidar, depolrization ratio
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Michael Esselborn
Deposited On:28 Nov 2008
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:29

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