Mortality from Ship Emissions: A Global Assessment
Corbett, James J. and Winebrake, James J. and Green, Erin H. and Kasibhatla, Prasad and Eyring, Veronika and Lauer, Axel (2007) Mortality from Ship Emissions: A Global Assessment. Environmental Science & Technology, 41, pp. 8512-8518. DOI: 10.1021/es071686z.
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Epidemiological studies consistently link ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM) to negative health impacts, including asthma, heart attacks, hospital admissions, and premature mortality. We model ambient PM concentrations from oceangoing ships using two geospatial emissions inventories and two global aerosol models. We estimate global and regional mortalities by applying ambient PM increases due to ships to cardiopulmonary and lung cancer concentration risk functions and population models. Our results indicate that shipping-related PM emissions are responsible for approximately 60,000 cardiopulmonary and lung cancer deaths annually, with most deaths occurring near coastlines in Europe, East Asia, and South Asia. Under current regulation and with the expected growth in shipping activity, we estimate that annual mortalities could increase by 40% by 2012.
|Title:||Mortality from Ship Emissions: A Global Assessment|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Science & Technology|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 8512-8518|
|Keywords:||shipping, transport, global modeling, health impact, air quality|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Transport|
|HGF - Program Themes:||V UR - Schonung von Umwelt und Ressourcen|
|DLR - Research area:||Transport|
|DLR - Program:||V UR - Schonung von Umwelt und Ressourcen|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||V - Umweltwirkungen des Verkehrs (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics|
|Deposited By:||PD Dr. habil. Veronika Eyring|
|Deposited On:||17 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 14:33|
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