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European surface ozone in the extreme summer 2003

Solberg, S. und Hov, Ø. und Søvde, A. und Isaksen, S.A. und Coddeville, P. und De Backer, H. und Forster, C. und Orsolini, O. und Uhse, K. (2008) European surface ozone in the extreme summer 2003. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D07307), Seiten 1-16. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009098.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.agu.org/journals/jd/jd0807/2007JD009098/2007JD009098.pdf

Kurzfassung

Measurements of ozone and other trace species in the European EMEP network in 2003 are presented. The European summer of 2003 was exceptionally warm and the surface ozone data for central Europe show the highest values since the end of the 1980s. The 99 percentiles of daily maximum hourly ozone concentrations in 2003 was higher than the corresponding parameter measured in any previous year at many sites in France, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. In this paper we argue that a number of positive feedback effects between the weather conditions and ozone contributed to the elevated surface ozone. Firstly we calculated an extended residence time of air parcels in the atmospheric boundary layer for several sites in central Europe. Secondly we show that it is likely that extensive forest fires on the Iberian Peninsula, resulting from the drought and heat, contributed to the peak ozone values in North Europe in August. Thirdly, regional scale model calculations indicate that biogenic isoprene could have contributed with 20% of the peak ozone concentrations. Measurements indicate elevated concentrations of isoprene compared to previous years. Sensitivity runs with a global chemical transport model showed that a reduction in the surface dry deposition due to drought and the elevated air temperature both could have contributed significantly to the enhanced ozone concentrations. Due to climate change, situations like this may occur at a higher frequency in the future and may gradually overshadow the effect of reduced emissions from anthropogenic sources of VOC and NOx.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:European surface ozone in the extreme summer 2003
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Solberg, S.NILU, Kjeller, N
Hov, Ø.Norwegian Meteorological Inst., Oslo, N
Søvde, A.Univ. of Oslo, Oslo, N
Isaksen, S.A.Univ. of Oslo, Oslo, N
Coddeville, P.Ecole des Mines de Douai, Douai, F
De Backer, H.Royal Meteorol. Inst. of Belgium, Brussels, B
Forster, C.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Orsolini, O.NILU, Kjeller, N
Uhse, K.Umweltbundesamt, Langen
Datum:2008
Erschienen in:Journal of Geophysical Research
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:113
DOI :10.1029/2007JD009098
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1-16
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:surface ozone, climate change, long-range transport, EMEP network
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Luftverkehr und Wetter (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Wolkenphysik und Verkehrsmeteorologie
Hinterlegt von: Dr. Caroline Forster
Hinterlegt am:26 Nov 2008
Letzte Änderung:20 Okt 2014 14:32

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