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AirClim: an efficient tool for climate evaluation of aircraft technology

Grewe, Volker und Stenke, Andrea (2008) AirClim: an efficient tool for climate evaluation of aircraft technology. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, Seiten 4621-4639.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4621/2008/acp-8-4621-2008.pdf

Kurzfassung

Climate change is a challenge to society and to cope with requires assessment tools which are suitable to evaluate new technology options with respect to their impact on global climate. Here we present AirClim, a model which comprises a linearisation of atmospheric processes from the emission to radiative forcing, resulting in an estimate in near surface temperature change, which is presumed to be a reasonable indicator for climate change. The model is designed to be applicable to aircraft technology, i.e. the climate agents CO<sub>2</sub>, H<sub>2</sub>O, CH<sub>4</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> (latter two resulting from NOx-emissions) and contrails are taken into account. AirClim combines a number of precalculated atmospheric data with aircraft emission data to obtain the temporal evolution of atmospheric concentration changes, radiative forcing and temperature changes. These precalculated data are derived from 25 steady-state simulations for the year 2050 with the climate-chemistry model E39/C, prescribing normalised emissions of nitrogen oxides and water vapour at various atmospheric regions. The results show that strongest climate impacts (year 2100) from ozone changes occur for emissions in the tropical upper troposphere (60 mW/m<sup>2</sup>; 80 mK for 1 TgN/year emitted) and from methane changes from emissions in the middle tropical troposphere (−2.7% change in methane lifetime; –30 mK per TgN/year). For short-lived species (e.g. ozone, water vapour, methane) individual perturbation lifetimes are derived depending on the region of emission. A comparison of this linearisation approach with results from a comprehensive climate-chemistry model shows reasonable agreement with respect to concentration changes, radiative forcing, and temperature changes. For example, the total impact of a supersonic fleet on radiative forcing (mainly water vapour) is reproduced within 10%. A wide range of application is demonstrated.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:AirClim: an efficient tool for climate evaluation of aircraft technology
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Grewe, VolkerNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Stenke, AndreaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:August 2008
Erschienen in:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:8
Seitenbereich:Seiten 4621-4639
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:aircraft emissions, radiative forcing, near surface temperature change, linear response model
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Schadstoffarmer Luftverkehr (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Andrea Stenke
Hinterlegt am:26 Aug 2008
Letzte Änderung:20 Okt 2014 14:32

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