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Simulating Postbuckling Behaviour and Collapse of Stiffened CFRP Panels

Rohwer, Klaus and Degenhardt, Richard (2007) Simulating Postbuckling Behaviour and Collapse of Stiffened CFRP Panels. NAFEMS World Congress 2007, 2007-05-22 - 2007-05-25, Vancouver, Kanada.

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Abstract

Advanced composite materials are well known for their outstanding potential in weight-related stiffness and strength leading to an ever increasing share in aerospace structural components out of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics (CFRP). In order to fully exploit the load-carrying capacity of such structures an accurate and reliable simulation is indispensable. Local buckling is not necessarily the load bearing limit for stiffened panels or shells; their full potential can be tapped only by utilizing the postbuckling region. That, however, requires fast tools which are capable of simulating the structural behaviour beyond bifurcation points including material degradation up to collapse. The most critical structural degradation mode is skin stringer separation; delamination, especially within the stringer, is a critical material degradation. A reliable prediction of collapse requires knowledge of degradation due to static as well as low cycle loading in the postbuckling region. Earlier projects have shown that it needs considerable experience in simulating the postbuckling behaviour. Though a great deal of knowledge about CFRP structural and material degradation is available its influence on collapse is not yet sufficiently investigated. It is the aim of the project COCOMAT (Improved MATerial exploitation at safe design of COmposite airframe structures by accurate simulation of COllapse) to develop means for and gain experience in fast and accurate simulation of the collapse load of stringer stiffened CFRP curved panels taking degradation and cyclic loading as well as geometric nonlinearity into account. COCOMAT is a Specific Targeted Research Project supported by the EU 6th Framework Programme; it started 2004 and runs for 4 years. Main deliverables are: • test results for buckling and collapse of undamaged and pre-damaged stiffened CFRP panels under static and cyclic loading, • improved material properties and degradation models, computational tools for design and certification of stiffened fibre composite panels which take postbuckling behaviour, degradation and collapse into account, • and finally design guidelines and industrial validation. The work will lead to an extended experimental data base, relevant degradation models and improved simulation tools for certification as well as for design. These results should allow setting up a future design scenario which exploits the existing reserves in primary fibre composite structures. The paper starts out from results provided by the forerunners of COCOMAT, describes the main objectives of the project, gives a general status of the progress reached so far and presents first results.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Simulating Postbuckling Behaviour and Collapse of Stiffened CFRP Panels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Rohwer, KlausUNSPECIFIED
Degenhardt, RichardUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2007
Keywords:CFRP, stiffness, buckling, collapse, COCOMAT
Event Title:NAFEMS World Congress 2007
Event Location:Vancouver, Kanada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2007-05-22 - 2007-05-25
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures & Materials
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Structural Mechanics
Deposited By: Doris Ries
Deposited On:31 Oct 2007
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:26

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