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Action Point Models of Human Driving Behaviour

Wagner, Peter (2008) Action Point Models of Human Driving Behaviour. Traffic Simulation Workshop, 2008-06-25, Graz.

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Abstract

Action point models of human driving have been invented in the 1960ies (Todosiev and Barbosa, 1963; Todosiev, 1963; Michaelis, 1963)). They claim that a human driver controls his vehicle at certain instants in time (the action points) where acceleration changes abruptly, but is held constant between two action points. This is not exactly true, since the driver keeps constant the pressure to the car controls like the gas pedal, therefore acceleration might change due to changing air resistance or engine efficiency. Nevertheless, in the following acceleration will be regarded constant. In the late 1960 and early 1970 those models have been developed further into so called psycho-physical models (Evans, 1977; Wiedemann, 1974; Leutzbach and Wiedemann, 1986). There, so called perception thresholds have been claimed as the reason for the action points. It states, that a human driver is not capable to resolve e.g. very small speed differences, he reacts only if the speed difference has exceeded a certain minimum value, the threshold.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Action Point Models of Human Driving Behaviour
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Wagner, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 June 2008
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Accepted
Keywords:action point, microscopic driver modelling, psycho-physical models, stochastic description
Event Title:Traffic Simulation Workshop
Event Location:Graz
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-06-25
Organizer:TU Graz, Österreich
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Mittel- und langfristige Entwicklung der Personenverkehrsnachfrage (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Institute of Transportation Systems > Automotive
Deposited By: Dr. Peter Wagner
Deposited On:13 Jan 2009
Last Modified:15 Jan 2010 01:20

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