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Climate impact of supersonic air traffic: an approach to optimize a potential future supersonic fleet – results from the EU-project SCENIC

Grewe, Volker und Stenke, Andrea und Ponater, Michael und Sausen, Robert und Pitari, Giovanni und Iachetti, Daniela und Rogers, Helen und Dessens, Olivier und Pyle, John und Isaksen, I.S.A und Gulstad, Line und Sovde, O.A. und Marizy, Corinne und Pascuillo, E. (2007) Climate impact of supersonic air traffic: an approach to optimize a potential future supersonic fleet – results from the EU-project SCENIC. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, Seiten 5129-5145. ISSN 1680-7316.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/5129/2007/acp-7-5129-2007.html

Kurzfassung

The demand for intercontinental transportation is increasing and people are requesting short travel times, which supersonic air transportation would enable. However, besides noise and sonic boom issues, which we are not referring to in this investigation, 5 emissions from supersonic aircraft are known to alter the atmospheric composition, in particular the ozone layer, and hence affect climate significantly more than subsonic aircraft. Here, we suggest a metric to quantitatively assess different options for supersonic transport with regard to the potential destruction of the ozone layer and climate impacts. Options for fleet size, engine technology (nitrogen oxide emission level), cruis10 ing speed, range, and cruising altitude, are analyzed, based on SCENIC emissions scenarios for 2050, which underlay the requirements to be as realistic as possible in terms of e.g. economic markets and profitable market penetration. This methodology is based on a number of atmosphere-chemistry and climate models to reduce mode dependencies. The model results differ significantly in terms of the response to a re15 placement of subsonic aircraft by supersonic aircraft. However, model differences are smaller when comparing the different options for a supersonic fleet. The base scenario, where supersonic aircraft get in service in 2015, a first fleet fully operational in 2025 and a second in 2050, lead in our simulations to a near surface temperature increase in 2050 of around 7mK and with constant emissions afterwards to around 21mK in 2100. The related total radiative forcing amounts to 22 mW/m<sup>2</sup> 20 in 2050, with an uncertainty between 9 and 29 mW/m<sup>2</sup> . A reduced supersonic cruise altitude or speed (from March 2 to Mach 1.6) reduces both, climate impact and ozone destruction, by around 40%. An increase in the range of the supersonic aircraft leads to more emissions at lower latitudes since more routes to SE Asia are taken into account, which increases ozone 25 depletion, but reduces climate impact compared to the base case.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Climate impact of supersonic air traffic: an approach to optimize a potential future supersonic fleet – results from the EU-project SCENIC
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPA
Stenke, AndreaDLR, IPA
Ponater, MichaelDLR, IPA
Sausen, RobertDLR, IPA
Pitari, GiovanniUniv. l'Aquila, I
Iachetti, DanielaUniv. l'Aquila, I
Rogers, HelenUniv of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Dessens, OlivierUniv of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Pyle, JohnUniv of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Isaksen, I.S.AUniv. of Oslo, N
Gulstad, LineUniv. of Oslo, N
Sovde, O.A.Univ. of Oslo, N
Marizy, CorinneAirbus, Toulouse, F
Pascuillo, E.Airbus, Hamburg
Datum:2007
Erschienen in:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:7
Seitenbereich:Seiten 5129-5145
ISSN:1680-7316
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Climate change, Supersonic transport, air traffic
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Schadstoffarmer Luftverkehr (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Volker Grewe
Hinterlegt am:08 Okt 2007
Letzte Änderung:01 Okt 2014 13:35

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