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Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system

Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. and Crutzen, P. and Boumard, F. and Dauer, T. and Dix, B. and Ebinghaus, R. and Filippi, D. and Fischer, H. and Franke, H. and Frieß, U. and Heintzenberg, J. and Helleis, F. and Hermann, M. and Kock, H.H. and Koeppel, C. and Lelieveld, J. and Leuenberger, M. and Martinsson, B.G. and Miemczyk, S. and Moret, H.P. and Nguyen, H.N. and Nyfeler, P. and Oram, D. and O'Sullivan, D. and Penkett, . S. and Platt, U. and Pupek, M. and Ramonet, M. and Randa, B. and Reichelt, M. and Rhee, T.S. and Rohwer, J. and Rosenfeld, K. and Scharffe, D. and Schlager, H. and Schumann, U. and Slemr, F. and Sprung, D. and Stock, P. and Thaler, R. and Valentino, F. and Velthoven van, P. and Waibel, A. and Wandel, A. and Waschitschek, K. and Wiedensohler, A. and Xueref-Remy, I. and Zahn, A. and Zech, U. and Ziereis, H. (2007) Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, pp. 4953-4976.

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A large airfreight container with automated instruments for measurement of atmospheric gases and trace compounds was operated on a monthly basis onboard a Boeing 767-300 ER of LTU International Airways during long-distance flights from 1997 to 5 2002 (CARIBIC, Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Subsequently a more advanced system has been developed, using a larger capacity container with additional equipment and an improved inlet system. CARIBIC phase #2 was implemented on a new long-range aircraft type Airbus A340-600 of the Lufthansa German Airlines (Star 10 Alliance) in December 2004, creating a powerful flying observatory. The instrument package comprises detectors for the measurement of O<sub>3</sub>, total and gaseous H<sub>2</sub>O, NO and NOy, CO, CO<sub>2</sub>, O<sub>2</sub> Hg, and number concentrations of sub-micrometer particles (>4 nm, >12 nm, and >18nm diameter). Furthermore, an optical particle counter and a proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) are installed. Aerosol samples are 15 collected for analyses of elemental composition and particle morphology after flight. Air samples are taken in glass containers for laboratory analyses of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and greenhouse gases in several laboratories. Absorption tubes collect oxygenated volatile organic compounds. Three differential optical absorption spectrometers (DOAS) with their telescopes mounted in the inlet system measure atmo20 spheric trace gases such as BrO, HONO, and NO<sub>2</sub>. A video camera mounted in the inlet provides information about clouds along the flight track. Here we describe the flying observatory and report examples of measurement results.

Document Type:Article
Title:Civil aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: the new CARIBIC system
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M.MPI, Mainz
Crutzen, P.MPI, Mainz
Boumard, F.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, F
Dauer, T.Lufthansa Technik, Frankfurt
Dix, B.Univ. Heidelberg, Heidelberg
Ebinghaus, R.GKSS, Geesthacht
Filippi, D.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, F
Fischer, H.FZ Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe
Franke, H.Enviscope GmbH, Frankfurt
Frieß, U.Univ. Heidelberg, Heidelberg
Heintzenberg, J.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Helleis, F.MPI, Mainz
Hermann, M.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Kock, H.H.GKSS, Geesthacht
Koeppel, C.MPI, Mainz
Lelieveld, J.MPI, Mainz
Leuenberger, M.Univ. Bern, Bern, CH
Martinsson, B.G.Univ. of Lund, Lund, S
Miemczyk, S.Lufthansa Technik, Hamburg
Moret, H.P.Univ. Bern, Bern, CH
Nguyen, H.N.Univ. of Lund, Lund, S
Nyfeler, P.Univ. Bern, Bern, CH
Oram, D.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
O'Sullivan, D.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Penkett, . S.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Platt, U.Univ. Heidelberg, Heidelberg
Pupek, M.MPI, Mainz
Ramonet, M.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, F
Randa, B.MPI, Mainz
Reichelt, M.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Rhee, T.S.MPI, Mainz
Rohwer, J.Lufthansa Technik, Hamburg
Rosenfeld, K.Lufthansa Technik, Hamburg
Scharffe, D.MPI, Mainz
Slemr, F.MPI, Mainz
Sprung, D.FZ Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe
Stock, P.Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Thaler, R.Lufthansa Technik, Hamburg
Valentino, F.Univ. Bern, Bern, CH
Velthoven van, P.KNMI, de Bilt, NL
Waibel, A.Lufthansa, Frankfurt
Wandel, A.Heggeman Aerospace AG, Büren
Waschitschek, K.Garner CAD Technik GmbH, Oberpfaffenhofen
Wiedensohler, A.Leibniz-Inst. für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Xueref-Remy, I.CNRS, Gif sur Yvette Cedex, F
Zahn, A.FZ Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe
Zech, U.KOLT Engineering GmbH, Oberpfaffenhofen
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 4953-4976
Keywords:Nitrgoen Oxides, Aircraft, measurements, upper troposphere, lower stratopshere
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Jana Freund
Deposited On:01 Oct 2007
Last Modified:20 Oct 2014 14:31

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