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Toxicology of Environmental Samples From the Perspective of Biodefense

Langenbach, Fabian (2005) Toxicology of Environmental Samples From the Perspective of Biodefense. Bachelor's, University of Applied Sciences Bonn-Rhein-Sieg.

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Abstract

The ability of the recombinant bacterial SWITCH-Test to recognise agents possibly used for terroristic attacks was investigated. For this purpose genotoxic and cytotoxic dose dependent response of S. typhimurium to 30 environmental samples provided from the University of Pécs, Hungary was determined. In addition to these samples, reference samples were used for validation of the test. These mainly consist of solutions containing metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and sodium acide. Furthermore, the toxicity of the cyanobacterial toxin Microcystin-LR was an example for a biological toxin is determined. The results were used to show that the SWITCH-Test can be a valuable tool for the determination of genotoxic and cytotoxic potentials of environmental samples, after the possible release of dangerous chemicals by terrorists. In this connection it was shown that the test is able to detect a bioterrorist assault with chemicals immediately and fast. This would be a prerequisite for a rapid evacuation of the population and evolvement of an alertness strategy. With the example of Microcystin-LR the effect, of an easy prepareable and cheap toxin that is probable to be used by terrorists, is shown. On the basis of these experiments dose responce relationships for the genotoxic and cytotoxic response were established. From these, two samples were identified as genotoxic and nine as cytotoxic. The reference samples with known constituent concentrations revealed the SWITCH-Test to be a sensitive for tool for such applications.

Document Type:Thesis (Bachelor's)
Title:Toxicology of Environmental Samples From the Perspective of Biodefense
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Langenbach, FabianUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Number of Pages:112
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:SWITCH-Test, Salmonella typhimurium, Genotoxicity, Cytotoxicity, Biodefense
Institution:University of Applied Sciences Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Department:Department of Natural Sciences
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:17 Aug 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:58

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