Kühne, Reinhart and Mahnke, Reinhard and Hinkel, Julia (2006) Understanding Traffic Breakdown: A Stochastic Approach. 16th ISTTT, 2007-07-22 - 2007-07-25, London (GB).
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Observations from different freeways indicate that traffic breakdowns do not necessary occur at maximum flow and can occur at flows lower or higher than those traditionally accepted as capacity value. The notion breakdown means a stochastic transition from an uncongested traffic state to a congested state which is comparable with a phase transition in nature between different states of matter. Suggested by recent studies quoting data from German freeways the paper addresses the probabilistic approach for understanding of traffic breakdown. The phenomenon will be described by a balance equation which models the dynamics of jam formation similar to nucleation by two contributions only, called inflow or adhesion rate mainly depending on the traffic volume of the considered road section and discharge rate depending on the length of the congestion. With this balance equation it is feasible to calculate the dynamics of traffic pattern formation especially the first passage time distribution for a transition from free flow condition to congested traffic including the influence of the parameters affecting the adhesion and discharge rates.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)|
|Title:||Understanding Traffic Breakdown: A Stochastic Approach|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Keywords:||traffic breakdown, traffic flow, traffic pattern formation, stochastic approach|
|Event Title:||16th ISTTT|
|Event Location:||London (GB)|
|Event Type:||international Conference|
|Event Dates:||2007-07-22 - 2007-07-25|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Transport|
|HGF - Program Themes:||V SH - Verbesserung der Sicherheit im Verkehr (old)|
|DLR - Research area:||Transport|
|DLR - Program:||V SH - Verbesserung der Sicherheit im Verkehr|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||V - Methodenentwicklung Fahrerassistenzlabor (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Verkehrsstudien|
|Deposited By:||Sandra Zache|
|Deposited On:||06 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||15 Jan 2010 01:01|
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