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Use of Tandem pairs of ERS-2 and ENVISAT SAR data for the analysis of oceanographic and atmospheric processes

Schulz-Stellenfleth, Johannes and Lehner, Susanne and König, Thomas and Reppucci, Antonio and Brusch, Stephan (2007) Use of Tandem pairs of ERS-2 and ENVISAT SAR data for the analysis of oceanographic and atmospheric processes. In: Proceedings of IGARSS 2007, pp. 3265-3268. IGARSS 2007 Conference (Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2007), 2007-07-23 - 2007-07-28, Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-1-4244-1212-9. ISSN 10.1109/IGARSS.2007.4423541

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Abstract

Currently the European satellites ERS-2 and ENVISAT are flying on the same orbit with a time separation of 30 minutes. In this presentation pairs of the respective synthetic aperture radar data are analyzed with respect to different atmospheric and oceanic processes. The presented results were obtained in the framework of the ESA AO project COTAR. The tandem configuration exists since the launch of ENVISAT in 2002. In the presentation an overview will be given of the available image pairs acquired over the ocean on a global scale. Combinations of ERS-2 SAR data with both image mode and wide swath mode scenes provided by the ENVISAT ASAR are considered. The two SAR images enable the analysis of the change of radar cross section within half an hour. This temporal separation is very interesting for oceanographic applications because there are many processes like atmospheric fronts, convective cells, ocean tides, etc., which are detectable on this time scale. In the presentation tandem pairs acquired over the research platform FINO west of the island Borkum in the North Sea will be presented. The area is of high practical interest because of the planned Offshore Windpark Borkum West. The platform provides wind measurements at different heights and additional oceanic information to support the planning activities for this windpark. Both the ENVISAT ASAR images and ERS-2 scenes were radiometrically calibrated and co-registered to enable a comparison of the normalised radar cross sections. In a first step a straighforward image pattern comparison was carried out. This analysis showed that the time separation is long enough to study ocean tides, because the image patterns associated with areas fallen dry clearly change within the time gap. This effect is illustrated on different image pairs using additional information from tide models. The potential of the observation to gain new high resolution information on bathymetry in wadden sea areas is discussed. Secondly the dynamics of atmospheric structures is analysed. It is well known that the near surface wind field is a dominating factor for the normalized radar cross section of the sea surface. For this reason SAR scenes are well suited to study atmopheric effects with high spatial resolution. It is shown that the use of tandem pairs enables the study of processes like the propagation of an atmospheric fronts or the evolution of convective cells. Both effects are illustrated with different examples using additional information from models and insitu measurements. Furthermore existing techniques for the estimation of the wind field in 10 m height from SAR data are applied to both images. The evolution of the spatial structure of both wind speed and wind direction is analysed. The observations are related to some theoretical issues like, e.g., the Taylor hypothesis. Particular emphasize is put on the connection between the spatial and the temporal structure of the wind field. This topic is of high practical relevance, e.g., in the context of offshore windenergy exploitation. Additional applications like ship tracking, oil spill detection and the study of ocean wave field dynamics will be briefly explained in the presentation as well. Finally a number of arguments to continue the tandem configuration in the future and to acquire data in this mode more frequently will be summarised

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Use of Tandem pairs of ERS-2 and ENVISAT SAR data for the analysis of oceanographic and atmospheric processes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schulz-Stellenfleth, JohannesUNSPECIFIED
Lehner, SusanneUNSPECIFIED
König, ThomasUNSPECIFIED
Reppucci, AntonioUNSPECIFIED
Brusch, StephanUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of IGARSS 2007
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 3265-3268
Editors:
EditorsEmail
IEEE Org., UNSPECIFIED
ISSN:10.1109/IGARSS.2007.4423541
ISBN:978-1-4244-1212-9
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR, wind, waves
Event Title:IGARSS 2007 Conference (Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2007)
Event Location:Barcelona, Spain
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2007-07-23 - 2007-07-28
Organizer:IEEE Org.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Entwicklung und Erprobung von Verfahren zur Gewässerfernerkundung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Marine Remote Sensing
Deposited By: Bärbel Bolowski
Deposited On:10 Apr 2008
Last Modified:15 Jan 2010 00:40

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