Höppner, Kathrin and Bittner, Michael (2007) Evidence for solar signals in the mesopause temperature variability? Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 69 (4-5), pp. 431-448. DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.10.007. ISSN 1364-6826.
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Nocturnal temperatures are almost continuously derived from OH* (3,1) near-infrared emissions in the upper mesosphere (around 87 km) above Wuppertal, Germany (51°N, 7°E) from ground-based measurements since 1980. The time series analyzed covers the time interval from 1980 until 2005 and consists of 4628 well documented night mean temperature data. OH* temperature fluctuations on temporal scales of about 3–20 days are derived by removing seasonal and longer term trends from the data record by means of applying various spectral analysis techniques such as the harmonic analysis, maximum entropy method (MEM) and the wavelet transform, respectively. The residuals are found to reflect planetary wave activity. Spectral intensity of oscillations in the 3–20 days regime shows a longer term modulation peaking around 1981 and 1996, while minima are encountered around 1986 and 2005. Thus, no conclusive correlation with the solar F10.7 cm flux is found. Reasonable agreement of planetary wave activity with the general solar bipolar magnetic field (22-year Hale cycle) is found instead. Further agreement is found with the variations of the length of the day (ΔLOD) implying that the internal terrestrial magnetic field is superimposed by the solar magnetic field (Hale cycle) causing modulations of the total magnetic field in the Earth’s interior and which leads—in turn—to a modulation of the electromagnetic coupling of angular momentum between the Earth’s core and the Earth’s mantle. As a result the Earth’s rotation period Ω—and thus the activity of planetary waves—should be modulated with the solar magnetic flux, e.g. the quasi-22-year Hale cycle. Planetary wave activity is further found to be modulated by a quasi-2-year oscillation. The modulation is strongest around 1994/1995 and lowest around 1988 and 2004, respectively. It is found that wave activity is mostly enhanced when the wind direction of the mean zonal wind of the equatorial quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) reverses from westerly to easterly.
|Title:||Evidence for solar signals in the mesopause temperature variability?|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 431-448|
|Keywords:||Hydroxyl airglow; Mesopause temperatures; Planetary waves; Solar cycle influence; QBO; Hale cycle|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Space (old)|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Datenprodukte für Klima- und Atmosphärenanwendungen (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||German Remote Sensing Data Center > Climate and Atmospheric Products|
|Deposited By:||Dr. Kathrin Höppner|
|Deposited On:||10 Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||22 Apr 2013 14:33|
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