Palubinskas, Gintautas and Runge, Hartmut and Reinartz, Peter (2007) Measurement of radar signatures of passenger cars: airborne SAR multi-frequency and polarimetric experiment. IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation, 1 (2), pp. 164-169. IET. DOI: 10.1049/iet-rsn:20060114. ISSN 1350-2395.
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The launch of SAR satellites with high resolution and dual receive antenna capabilities opens new possibilities for traffic monitoring applications on a global scale. Thus it will be possible to detect cars and measure their speed from the acquired along track interferometric data. The development of vehicle detection algorithms requires the knowledge of the radar signatures of vehicles, especially under consideration of the geometry of the radar look direction and the vehicle orientation. In this paper the radar signatures of the non-moving cars are presented. They are estimated experimentally from airborne E-SAR multi-frequency and polarimetric data, which have been collected during a flight campaign in 2003. Radar signatures are estimated for a considerable part of aspect angles ranging from 0º to 180º. The large synthetic aperture length of the E-SAR radar sensor allows the look processing of data and therefore allows an increase of the aspect angle resolution. The radar signature analysis for one type of passenger cars showed that the largest radar cross section values and thus the greatest chance for high probability of detection are for cars standing in rear and front view of radar beam direction. This holds true for all frequencies and co-polarizations. Radar cross section values for cross-polarizations and diagonal views are much lower and are therefore less suitable for car detection. The radar signature profile over a considerable range of aspect angles in fine resolution can be used further for the verification of simulation studies and for the performance prediction for traffic monitoring with a coming German TerraSAR-X satellite.
|Title:||Measurement of radar signatures of passenger cars: airborne SAR multi-frequency and polarimetric experiment|
|Journal or Publication Title:||IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 164-169|
|Keywords:||Radar cross section, non-moving cars, airborne E-SAR sensor, look processing|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Transport|
|HGF - Program Themes:||V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität (old)|
|DLR - Research area:||Transport|
|DLR - Program:||V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||V - TS-X Verkehrsprodukte (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Remote Sensing Technology Institute|
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
|Deposited By:||Dr.math. Gintautas Palubinskas|
|Deposited On:||23 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 13:36|
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