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Concentrating Solar power plants - How to Achive Competiveness

Pitz-Paal, Robert und Dersch, Jürgen und Milow, Barbara und Téllez, Felix und Ferriere, Alain und Langnickel, Ulrich und Steinfeld, Aldo und Karni, Jacob und Zarza, Eduardo und Popel, Oleg (2005) Concentrating Solar power plants - How to Achive Competiveness. VGB PowerTech, 8 (85), Seiten 46-51. ISSN 1435-3199.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.vgb.org

Kurzfassung

Electricity from solar thermal power plants is environmentally friendly, it helps to protect the climate and to save fossil resources. If the solar thermal power plants are equipped with thermal storage facilities, they are capable to deliver power even at times without solar radiation. Though the costs of this kind of solar electricity are lower than those from photovoltaic cells, they cannot compete with the generation costs from fossil power plants today. The ECOSTAR study shows that it is possible to overcome this drawback. This study was partly financed by the European Union and conducted by research organisations from Germany, Spain, France, Israel, Switzerland and Russia. The Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR) was the project leader and the VGB PowerTech e.V. was also involved, particularly by performing an independent assessment of the results. Seven different solar thermal technologies for electricity production have been investigated within the study. The starting point was the definition of 7 reference systems, describing today’s state-of-the-art and cost. Technical improvements and innovations for the different technologies have been analysed in terms of their impact on system efficiency, investment costs as well as operating and maintenance costs. An unexpected result was that the innovation driven cost reduction potential of all systems is in the range of 30-40%. Further cost reduction of 17% due to scale-up and extended operation times (due to thermal storage integration) seems possible. Volume production of the components may add savings of about 14%. These accumulated cost reductions can bring down costs of electricity from today’s 12 to 18 cents€/kWh to 5 to 7 cents€/kWh depending on the radiation resource. This is regarded as competitive cost level for dispatch able mid-load power without carbon dioxide emissions. About 10 – 15 years are necessary for such a development, in parallel to a continuous market implementation. The study points out those innovations showing the greatest cost reduction potential and gives priorities for further R&D. A general recommendation is that short- and mid-term research should focus on modular components like concentrators or modular receivers. Medium and long term development is needed mainly in the area of thermal storage and the integration of larger and more efficient power cycles. Both pathways must be followed in order to reach the cost target. Concentration of research or demonstration plant funding on certain technologies should be avoided because this would lower the cost pressure caused by competition between the different technologies.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Concentrating Solar power plants - How to Achive Competiveness
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Pitz-Paal, RobertNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dersch, JürgenNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Milow, BarbaraNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Téllez, FelixCiemat
Ferriere, AlainCNRS
Langnickel, UlrichVGB PowerTech e.V.
Steinfeld, AldoETH Zürich
Karni, JacobWeizmann Institute of Science
Zarza, EduardoCiemat
Popel, OlegRussian Academy of Science
Datum:August 2005
Erschienen in:VGB PowerTech
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:8
Seitenbereich:Seiten 46-51
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
VGB PowerTech e.V., NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
ISSN:1435-3199
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Solar, power plant, concentrating, ecomomic
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Energie
HGF - Programm:Erneuerbare Energie
HGF - Programmthema:E SF - Solarforschung (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Energie
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:E SF - Solarforschung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):E - Applikationsentwicklung (alt)
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Technische Thermodynamik > Solarforschung
Hinterlegt von: Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Dersch
Hinterlegt am:07 Feb 2007
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 13:27

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