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The Impact of Urban Form on Automobile Travel: Disentangling Causation from Correlation

Hedel, Ralf und Vance, Colin (2007) The Impact of Urban Form on Automobile Travel: Disentangling Causation from Correlation. In: 2007 Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 86. Transportation Research Board (TRB). TRB 2007 (86. Annual Meeting), 2007-01-21 - 2007-01-25, Washington, DC (USA).

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Offizielle URL: http://www.trb.org

Kurzfassung

A longstanding question within the field of transportation demand management is the strength of the relationship between urban form and mobility behavior. Although several studies have identified a strong correlation between these variables, there is as yet scant evidence to support policy interventions that target land use as a means of influencing travel. To the contrary, some of the more recent research has cast skepticism on the proposition that the relationship is causative, recognizing the possibility that households endogenously self-select themselves into communities that support their preferences for particular transportation modes. Focusing on individual automobile travel, the present study seeks to contribute to this line of inquiry by estimating econometric models on a panel of travel-diary data collected in Germany between 1996 and 2003. Specifically, we employ the two-part model (2PM) – a procedure involving probit and OLS estimators – to assess the determinants of the discrete decision to use the car and the continuous decision of distance traveled. Beyond modeling variables that capture the urban form features that are commonly suggested to influence mobility behavior, including mixed use and public transit, this study employs instrumental variables to control for potential endogeneity emerging from the simultaneity of residential and mode choices. Unlike much of the work to date, our results suggest that urban form has a causative impact on car use, a finding that is robust to alternative econometric specifications.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag, Paper)
Titel:The Impact of Urban Form on Automobile Travel: Disentangling Causation from Correlation
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Hedel, RalfNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Vance, ColinRheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen)
Datum:21 Januar 2007
Erschienen in:2007 Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:86
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
TRB, NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Verlag:Transportation Research Board (TRB)
Name der Reihe:Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:automobil travel, urban form, econometry
Veranstaltungstitel:TRB 2007 (86. Annual Meeting)
Veranstaltungsort:Washington, DC (USA)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2007-01-21 - 2007-01-25
Veranstalter :Transportation Research Board
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:V UR - Schonung von Umwelt und Ressourcen (alt), V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V UR - Schonung von Umwelt und Ressourcen, V VR - Verkehrsforschung, V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - Umweltwirkungen des Verkehrs (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Verkehrsforschung > Hauptabteilung Verkehrsforschung
Hinterlegt von: Ralf Hedel
Hinterlegt am:25 Mai 2007
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 13:26

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