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Remote sensing and engineering: An interdisciplinary approach to assess vulnerability in urban areas

Münich, Christian and Taubenböck, Hannes and Stempniewski, Lothar and Dech, Stefan and Roth, Achim (2006) Remote sensing and engineering: An interdisciplinary approach to assess vulnerability in urban areas. In: Proceedings of ECEES (1412), pp. 1-10. First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, 2006-09-03 - 2006-09-08, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 13: 978-2-8399-0190-1.

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Abstract

Urban areas especially in developing countries suffer from rapid changes due to explosive immigration and sprawl. Expectations predict an almost complete absorption of the world’s population growth between 2000 and 2030 by urban areas in less developed regions. One out of every two large cities in the developing world is vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, severe storms, landslides and earthquakes. This paper presents an interdisciplinary approach combining remote sensing and civil engineering to assess vulnerability in urban areas. The aim is to develop new methodologies as well as interfaces to benefit from the potentials existing in both sources. It is shown how complex urban characteristics are classified area-wide from high resolution satellite imagery. The relevant building classes are allocated through analysis of the thematic urban land cover classification by parameters like roof type or building height. These parameters serve as input to estimate the behaviour of structures affected by natural disasters. Final result is the expected risk as an interaction between physical hazard and vulnerability. It is precisely the use of area-wide information from remote sensing and the adaptation of civil engineering methods which are the important improvements and indicate the future for vulnerability assessments.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Remote sensing and engineering: An interdisciplinary approach to assess vulnerability in urban areas
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Münich, ChristianInstitut für Massivbau und Baustofftechnologie / Abteilung Massivbau
Taubenböck, HannesUNSPECIFIED
Stempniewski, LotharInstitut für Massivbau und Baustofftechnologie / Abteilung Massivbau
Dech, StefanUNSPECIFIED
Roth, AchimUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of ECEES
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-10
ISBN:13: 978-2-8399-0190-1
Status:Published
Keywords:Remote Sensing, Engineering, Vulnerability, Urban
Event Title:First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology
Event Location:Geneva, Switzerland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-09-03 - 2006-09-08
Organizer:Swiss Society for Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Swiss Seismological Service, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology - Zurich, Swiss Federal Office for the Environment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Dr. Hannes Taubenböck
Deposited On:29 Jan 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:23

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