Lorenz, Bernd and Biella, Marcus and Teegen, Uwe and Stelling, Dirk and Wenzel, Jürgen and Jakobi, Jörn and Ludwig, Thomas and Korn, Bernd (2006) Performance, situation awareness, and visual scanning of pilots receiving onboard taxi navigation support during simulated airport surface operation. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety. ISSN 1468-9456.
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Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS) comprise a range of new technologies for both the flight deck and ground air traffic control and are supposed to enable increased safety and efficiency at presently highly congested major airports. The study evaluates an A-SMGCS flight deck human-machine interface (HMI) integrating controller pilot data link communication (CPDLC) messages, the display of surrounding traffic over an electronic airport surface map. Evaluation is done on the basis of subjective situation awareness rating, pilot taxi navigation performance and eye movement analysis. The study involved 49 commercial pilots who performed a series of high-fidelity landing-and-taxiing simulation trials under varied visibility and traffic scenarios. The HMI significantly increased subjective situation awareness and reduced the number of taxi navigation errors and unforced stops particularly in low visibility. Increased head-down times to the compelling HMI were found, however, detection of unexpected obstacles in the outside scene was not deteriorated as compared to conventional surface navigation support by airport paper charts.
|Title:||Performance, situation awareness, and visual scanning of pilots receiving onboard taxi navigation support during simulated airport surface operation|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Human Factors and Aerospace Safety|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Keywords:||A-SMGCS, airport surface navigation, high-fidelity simulation, pilot performance, eye-tracking analysis, situation awareness, validation|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Aeronautics|
|HGF - Program Themes:||ATM and Operation|
|DLR - Research area:||Aeronautics|
|DLR - Program:||L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics|
|Location:||Köln-Porz , Braunschweig|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Flight Physiology|
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Institute of Flight Control
Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
|Deposited By:||Dr.phil. Bernd Lorenz|
|Deposited On:||08 Jan 2007|
|Last Modified:||28 Jan 2014 13:30|
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