Spatial relations between floodplain environments and land use – land cover of a large lowland tropical river valley: Pánuco basin, México
Hudson, Paul and Colditz, Rene and Augilar-Robledo, Miguel (2006) Spatial relations between floodplain environments and land use – land cover of a large lowland tropical river valley: Pánuco basin, México. Environmental Management, 38 (3), pp. 487-503. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-003-0157-4.
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Large lowland river valleys include a variety of floodplain environments that represent opportunities and constraints for human activities. This study integrates extensive field observations and geomorphic data with analysis of satellite remote sensing data to examine spatial relations between land use/land cover (LULC) and floodplain environments in the lower P;nuco basin of eastern Mexico. The floodplain of the lower P;nuco basin was delineated by combining a digital elevation model with a satellite image of a large flood event. The LULC was classified by combining a hybrid classification strategy with image stratification, applied to 15-m-resolution ASTER data. A geomorphic classification of floodplain environments was performed using a dry-stage image (ASTER data) and a 1993 Landsat image acquired during a large flood event. Accuracy assessment was based on aerial photographs (1:38,000), global positioning satellite groundtruthing, and a Landsat 7ETM+ image from 2000, which resulted in an overall accuracy of 82.9% and a KHAT of 79.8% for the LULC classification. The geomorphic classification yielded 83.5% overall accuracy, whereas the KHAT was 81.5%. LULC analysis was performed for the entire floodplain and individually within four valley segments. The analysis indicates that the study area is primarily utilized for grazing and farming. Agriculture is primarily associated with coarse-grained (sandy/silty) natural levee and point bar units close to the river channel, whereas cattle grazing occurs in distal and lower-lying reaches dominated by cohesive fine-grained (clayey) deposits, such as backswamps. In the P;nuco valley, wetlands and lakes occur within backswamp environments, whereas in the Moctezuma segments, wetlands and lakes are associated with relict channels. This study reveals considerable variation in LULC related to spatial differences in floodplain environments and illustrates the importance of considering older anthropogenic influences on the landscape. The research design should be applicable for other large lowland coastal plain river valleys where agriculture is a major component of the floodplain landscape.
|Title:||Spatial relations between floodplain environments and land use – land cover of a large lowland tropical river valley: Pánuco basin, México|
|Date:||02 June 2006|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Management|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 487-503|
|Keywords:||floodplains, remote sensing, ASTER, land use – land cover classification, Moctezuma – Pánuco, Mexico, floodplain geomorphology|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||German Remote Sensing Data Center > Environment and Security > Environment and Geoinformation|
|Deposited By:||Rene Colditz|
|Deposited On:||04 Sep 2006|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 13:03|
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