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Sun-induced fluorescence: A new tool for precision farming

Maier, Stefan W. and Günther, Kurt P. and Stellmes, Marion (2003) Sun-induced fluorescence: A new tool for precision farming. American Society of Agronomy Special Publication, 66, pp. 209-222.

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Abstract

Results of ground based experiments on spectral reflectance of dock leaves using a ZEISS spectrometer MCS501 UV-NIR with 2.5 nm resolution clearly show the well known induction kinetics of chlorophyll fluorescence when dark adapted leaves were exposed to continuous illumination. This observed feature demonstrates the origin of the transient behavior of reflectance caused by natural or sun-induced fluorescence. The time constant of the decline of sun induced chlorophyll fluorescence is identical to the time constant obtained simultaneously using a PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulation) fluorometer. Results of airborne measurements with the sensor ROSIS (Reflective Optics System Imaging Spectrometer) demonstrate for the first time that sun induced chlorophyll fluorescence can be derived from airborne hyperspectral reflectance data. The new method presented here uses the spectral absorption feature of atmospheric oxygen at 762 nm, which fits better with the wavelength of chlorophyll fluorescence than the Fraunhofer absorption line at 656 nm. The results from ROSIS show maps of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence of green vegetation. New spatial and temporal features are observable on agricultural fields supporting the hypothesis that information on photosynthesis and plant stress may be extracted in the future from areal observation of sun-induced fluorescence.

Document Type:Article
Title:Sun-induced fluorescence: A new tool for precision farming
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Maier, Stefan W.UNSPECIFIED
Günther, Kurt P.UNSPECIFIED
Stellmes, MarionUNSPECIFIED
Date:2003
Journal or Publication Title:American Society of Agronomy Special Publication
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:66
Page Range:pp. 209-222
Editors:
EditorsEmail
McDonald, M.UNSPECIFIED
Schepers, J.UNSPECIFIED
VanToai, T.UNSPECIFIED
Major, D.UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Digital Imaging and Spectral Techniques: Applications to Precision Farming and Crop Physiology
Status:Published
Keywords:sun induced fluorescence, remote sensing, ROSIS, PAM
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Datenprodukte für Klima- und Atmosphärenanwendungen (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Climate and Atmospheric Products
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Kurt Günther
Deposited On:16 Aug 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:00

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