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Is there a link between urban form and automobile use in Germany? Evidence from a selectivity model

Vance, Colin and Hedel, Ralf (2006) Is there a link between urban form and automobile use in Germany? Evidence from a selectivity model. Third World congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2006-07-03 - 2006-07-07, Kyoto, Japan.

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Abstract

This study estimates an econometric model of the influence of urban form on non-work automobile travel using a panel of travel-diary data collected in Germany between 1994 and 2003. Two dimensions of car use are considered: the discrete decision to own a car and the continuous decision of distance traveled. Because these decisions are related and, moreover, are likely to be influenced by factors unobservable to the researcher, we apply the Heckman model to control for potential biases emerging from sample selectivity. In addition to including variables that capture the tools commonly advocated by land use planners to influence mobility behavior, an important contribution of this study is to allow the possibility that these variables are endogenous. Unlike much of the work to date, we find that land use variables are a significant determinant of both automobile ownership and use, a finding that holds even after using instrumental variables to capture the effects of urban form.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Is there a link between urban form and automobile use in Germany? Evidence from a selectivity model
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Vance, ColinRheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen)
Hedel, RalfUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2006
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Accepted
Keywords:transport, spatial issues
Event Title:Third World congress of Environmental and Resource Economists
Event Location:Kyoto, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-07-03 - 2006-07-07
Organizer:The Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE); Society of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies (SEEPS); European Association of Environmental and Resource Economics (EAERE)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Andrea Dumong
Deposited On:17 Jul 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 23:04

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