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Spaceborne detection and characterization of fires during the bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) experimental small satellite mission (2001-2004)

Zhukov, Boris and Lorenz, Eckehard and Oertel, Dieter and Wooster, Martin and Roberts, Gareth (2006) Spaceborne detection and characterization of fires during the bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) experimental small satellite mission (2001-2004). Remote Sensing of Environment, 100 (1), pp. 29-51. Elsevier Ltd..

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V6V-4HJRRXS-2/2/01378c4b13c59ed5bb4f6a0691fe4e16

Abstract

Wildfires have a range of significant environmental effects with respect to both Earth's surface and atmosphere. Spaceborne remote sensing of active fires has been undertaken for more than two decades, but the bi-spectral Infrared Detection (BIRD) Experimental Small Satellite (2001-04) is the first mission dedicated to this task. This paper summarizes the experience gained during the BIRD mission, which has focused both on active fire detection and active fire characterization, in terms of quantifying effective fire temperature (TF), effective fire area (AF) and fire radiative power (FRP). A detailed error analysis for each parameter is undertaken, and the accuracy of FRP retrieval is shown to be significantly better than that of TF or AF. For key fire-affected forest, bush and savanna environments (Australia, Benin, Borneo, Brazil, Canada-US, Portugal and Siberia) BIRD data allows FRP estimation to within 30% in 75% of fires examined, and for the first time from space BIRD is able to allow estimation of fireline length, effective fireline depth and radiative fireline intensity for the more pronounced fire fronts. Some indication of the predominant combustion regime (smoldering or flaming), which has implications for the relative concentrations of emitted pollutant products, is possible through use of the TF parameter. This experience demonstrates the advantages of the new infrared sensor technologies employed in BIRD, and offers suggestions for future fire monitoring sensors based on similar technologies.

Document Type:Article
Title:Spaceborne detection and characterization of fires during the bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) experimental small satellite mission (2001-2004)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Zhukov, BorisIKI, Moskau
Lorenz, EckehardUNSPECIFIED
Oertel, DieterUNSPECIFIED
Wooster, MartinKing's College London Strand, London
Roberts, GarethKing's College London Strand, London
Date:15 January 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing of Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:100
Page Range:pp. 29-51
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
Status:Published
Keywords:Satellite fire detection; Small satellite mission; BIRD; Quantitative fire characterization; Fire radiative power
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignement
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):W -- no assignement (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Optical Information Systems
Deposited By: Ute Dombrowski
Deposited On:19 May 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 12:53

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