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Dendritic solidification of undercooled Ni-based melts

Reutzel, S. and Galenko, P. K. and Herlach, D. M. (2006) Dendritic solidification of undercooled Ni-based melts. DPG - spring meeting of the Division Condensed Matter / EPS - 21st General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division, 2006-03-26 - 2006-03-31, Dresden.

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Abstract

Morphology and size of dendritic microstructures sensitively depend on the solidification conditions, in particular on the crystallisation dynamics of the melt. Depending on the velocity with which a dendrite propagates into the undercooled melt a great spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena can occur. For instance, if the velocity comes of comparable order with the atomic diffusive speed (1 - 10 m/s) solute trapping leads to the formation of supersaturated solutions and disorder trapping in intermetallic alloys produces disordered superlattice structures with completely different mechanical properties as the ordered counterparts. Also, as investigated in the present work grain refined alloys are solidified from the undercooled melt. <br>For aquantitative description of non-equilibrium solidification processes the growth velocity of the propagating dendrites in undercooled Ni and selected Ni-based alloy melts is experimentally determined as a function of undercooling on electromagnetically levitated drops. High accuracy measurements are realised even at small growth/undercooling values by applying a high-speed camera technique, which allows for direct observation of morphology and dynamics of the solidification front. The analysis will be important to investigate and understand the development of various microstructures in as solidified material.</br> <p>Acknowledgements:</p> <p>This work is financially supported by ESA under the MAP-project "NEQUISOL - Non-Equilibrium Solidification, Modelling for Microstructure Engineering of Industrial Alloys" and by DFG under the project No. He 1601/13.</p>

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Dendritic solidification of undercooled Ni-based melts
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Reutzel, S.Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Galenko, P. K.UNSPECIFIED
Herlach, D. M.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2006
Status:Published
Keywords:Unterkühlung von Materialien
Event Title:DPG - spring meeting of the Division Condensed Matter / EPS - 21st General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division
Event Location:Dresden
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-03-26 - 2006-03-31
Organizer:DPG / EPS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Materialwissenschaftliche Forschung (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Institute of Space Simulation > Center for Solidification of Undercooled Melts (ZEUS)
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Sven Reutzel
Deposited On:01 Mar 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 12:49

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