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Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management

Lorenz, B. und Di Nocera, F. und Parasuraman, R. (2004) Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management. In: Human Factors in Design keine, keine. Shaker Publishing BV, Maastricht, Niederlande. ISBN 90-423-0249-6.

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Kurzfassung

The proximity-compatibility principle (PCP) proposed by Wickens and Carswell (1995) is examined on the basis of experimental results obtained with the process-control micro-world AUTO-CAMS. The PCP postulates a performance trade-off in display design that implies that display features that support information integration may degrade focused attention. In AUTO-CAMS information integration is required when operators, in case of system failures, have to engage in fault identification by mapping multiple anomaly symptoms to single root causes. Focused attention is demanded by one of the secondary tasks that require the operators to selectively read out gauge values while simultaneously ignoring other display elements. The AUTO-CAMS display was supplemented with an integrated display to support information integration implying the cost of deteriorating the focused attention task. In addition, two levels of automation of a model-based fault management reasoning agent were examined. In 70% of the trials this support was reliable. In the remaining trials, difficult double-faults occurred where the agent’s support became “brittle” in terms of identifying only one fault correctly, missing fault identification at all because of symptom masking, or giving a false fault identification. Only during ‘brittle’ trials both PCP predictions could be confirmed: (1) The information integration task of fault identification was improved with the integrated display while the secondary focused attention task performance was deteriorated compared to the support with the non-integrated display. Means to cope with this trade-off problem are discussed.

Dokumentart:Beitrag im Sammelband
Zusätzliche Informationen: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2004,
Titel:Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Lorenz, B.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Di Nocera, F.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Parasuraman, R.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2004
Erschienen in:Human Factors in Design
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:keine
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
D. de Waard, K.A. BrookhuisNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
C.M. Weikert, NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Verlag:Shaker Publishing BV, Maastricht, Niederlande
Name der Reihe:keine
ISBN:90-423-0249-6
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:display integration, focused attention, AUTO-CAMS microworld, automated fault management, levels of automation, unreliable automation
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L SF - Sichere und effiziente Luftverkehrsführung (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L SF - Sichere und effiziente Luftverkehrsführung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Faktor Mensch und Sicherheit in der Luftfahrt
Standort: Braunschweig
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Flugführung
Hinterlegt von: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Hinterlegt am:16 Sep 2005
Letzte Änderung:06 Jan 2010 17:15

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