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Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management

Lorenz, B. and Di Nocera, F. and Parasuraman, R. (2004) Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management. In: Human Factors in Design keine, keine. Shaker Publishing BV, Maastricht, Niederlande. ISBN 90-423-0249-6.

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Abstract

The proximity-compatibility principle (PCP) proposed by Wickens and Carswell (1995) is examined on the basis of experimental results obtained with the process-control micro-world AUTO-CAMS. The PCP postulates a performance trade-off in display design that implies that display features that support information integration may degrade focused attention. In AUTO-CAMS information integration is required when operators, in case of system failures, have to engage in fault identification by mapping multiple anomaly symptoms to single root causes. Focused attention is demanded by one of the secondary tasks that require the operators to selectively read out gauge values while simultaneously ignoring other display elements. The AUTO-CAMS display was supplemented with an integrated display to support information integration implying the cost of deteriorating the focused attention task. In addition, two levels of automation of a model-based fault management reasoning agent were examined. In 70% of the trials this support was reliable. In the remaining trials, difficult double-faults occurred where the agent’s support became “brittle” in terms of identifying only one fault correctly, missing fault identification at all because of symptom masking, or giving a false fault identification. Only during ‘brittle’ trials both PCP predictions could be confirmed: (1) The information integration task of fault identification was improved with the integrated display while the secondary focused attention task performance was deteriorated compared to the support with the non-integrated display. Means to cope with this trade-off problem are discussed.

Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2004,
Title:Examination of the proximity-compatibility principle in the design of displays in support of fault management
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Lorenz, B.UNSPECIFIED
Di Nocera, F.UNSPECIFIED
Parasuraman, R.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2004
Journal or Publication Title:Human Factors in Design
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:keine
Editors:
EditorsEmail
D. de Waard, K.A. BrookhuisUNSPECIFIED
C.M. Weikert, UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Shaker Publishing BV, Maastricht, Niederlande
Series Name:keine
ISBN:90-423-0249-6
Status:Published
Keywords:display integration, focused attention, AUTO-CAMS microworld, automated fault management, levels of automation, unreliable automation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L SF - Safe and Efficient Air Traffic Guidance (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L SF - Safe and Efficient Air Traffic Guidance
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 17:15

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