Haus, R. and Heland, J. (1) (1997) FTIS remote sensing of flare emissions. In: EOS/SPIE Proceedings of the European Symposium on Environmental Sensing III (ENVIRONSENS 97), pp. 3106-3109. European Symposium on Environmental Sensing III, Munich, Germany, June, 16-20, 1997.
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Increasing regulatory standards for the limitation of greenhouse gas and other pollutant emissions from industrial facilities require new environmental control strategies and innovative and cost- effective measurement techniques. Elevated flare stacks present a difficult measurement challenge, because it is extremely difficult to determine concentration in the post-combustion gas of operational flares by sampling techniques. A remote sensing measurement system has to be used, therefore. Fourier-Transform-Infrared-Spectroscopy (FTIS) measurements were realized using a mobile environmental laboratory which is equipped with a high resolution K300 spectrometer. A Multi-component Air Pollution Software (MAPS) was used to determine CO2, CH4, CO and NO concentrations. It is based on radiative transfer line-by-line calculations and least-square fit procedures. The paper focuses on the results of FTIS flare emissions measurements at natural gas production facilities. Different types offlares have been investigated under varying operational conditions. Emission rates and combustion efficiencies are calculated which indicate that the environmental impact of methane emissions from flares is rather small.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Title:||FTIS remote sensing of flare emissions|
|Journal or Publication Title:||EOS/SPIE Proceedings of the European Symposium on Environmental Sensing III (ENVIRONSENS 97)|
|Page Range:||pp. 3106-3109|
|Keywords:||FTIS, remote sensing, flare emissions|
|Event Title:||European Symposium on Environmental Sensing III, Munich, Germany, June, 16-20, 1997|
|HGF - Research field:||UNSPECIFIED|
|HGF - Program:||Space (old)|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research area:||UNSPECIFIED|
|DLR - Program:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung|
|Deposited By:||elib DLR-Beauftragter|
|Deposited On:||02 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 09:52|
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