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Investigation of the Near-Infrared Spectral Characteristics of Massive Analog Materials for Igneous Martian Crust.

Harloff, J. und Arnold, G. (1997) Investigation of the Near-Infrared Spectral Characteristics of Massive Analog Materials for Igneous Martian Crust. DLGR/DLR/DARA-Symposium "Exploration of Moon and Mars - Prerequisite for Understanding Terrestrial Planets", Berlin, 11.-12. Juni 1997.

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Kurzfassung

All the spectra that have been obtained from Mars to date are dominated by features of the regolith that covers the surface. This leads to difficulties in retrieving useful information from the spectra about the unweatheres igneous crust that lies underneath. The visible and infrared mapping spectrometer Omega on board of the Russian Mars 96 spacecraft would have had a spatial resolution high enough (up to 500 m) to obtain spectra from objects with a much lower coverage by regolith than is common for the Martian surface (e.g. the canyon walls of Valles Marineris). Should Omega, or equally powerful mapping spectrometers, be launched to Mars in future missions, laboratory investigations of massive analog materials will be neccessary to facilitate the interpretation of spectra dominated by features of outcropping rock of igneous Martian crust. So far, most of the reflectance spectroscopy investigations of Martian analog materials have been done with powdered samples. Nevertheless, it is known fact that there are differences in the spectral characteristics of a massive sample change with the surface roughness. In this study, powders and slabs of the same mineral and rock specimens were prepared (three different pyroxenes and three different basalts); of all samples, reflectance spectra were recorded in the near-infrared (0.7 to 5 µm), to compare the differences in the spectral characteristics of the powders and the slabs. Furthermore, the roughness of the slabs was systematically altered by grinding and polishing, in order to investigate the dependence of the spectral features on the condition of the surface.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Zusätzliche Informationen: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1997,
Titel:Investigation of the Near-Infrared Spectral Characteristics of Massive Analog Materials for Igneous Martian Crust.
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Harloff, J.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Arnold, G.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:1997
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Near-Infrared spectral characteristics; igneous Martian crust
Veranstaltungstitel:DLGR/DLR/DARA-Symposium "Exploration of Moon and Mars - Prerequisite for Understanding Terrestrial Planets", Berlin, 11.-12. Juni 1997
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Hinterlegt von: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Hinterlegt am:02 Apr 2006
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 09:50

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