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Which spectral range is the most promising one for carbonate detection on Mars?

Wagner, C. (1997) Which spectral range is the most promising one for carbonate detection on Mars? XXII General Assembly of the European Geophysical Assembly, Vienna, Austria, April 21-25, 1997.

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Abstract

In spite of extensive search carbonates have not been found until nowon the Martian surface by spectroscopic methods. This is surprising because aa carbonate content up to 5 or even 10 % is suggested by (i) theoretical conceptions about the weathering processes of Martian crustal rocks, and (ii( further arguments, e.g. the Viking chemical analyses of Martian soil. But also the recent earth-based Mars spectra, covering the wavelength range 2-4.2 m (Blaney and McCord 1989, Roush et al. 1992), provided no spectral evidence for carbonates in the Martian soil. This could be due to the fact that the diagnostic feature at 4 muem, which is a trough in the reflectance spectrum, is paritally filled by Mars' thermal emission (Wagner and Schade, 1996). In the present laboratory study it is investigated, whether a better chance for carbonate detection may be exspected for the pure emission spectrum in the thermal infrared, i.e., by using the carbonates' fundamental vibration bands (at e.g. about 7, 11.5 and 13.5 m). For this purpose spectra were measured for mixtured consisting of palagonite (as a Mars soil analogue) with various percentages of carbonates. The band depths of the diagnostic featureswere estimated and compared with those obtained previously for the 4-m feature.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1997,
Title:Which spectral range is the most promising one for carbonate detection on Mars?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Wagner, C.UNSPECIFIED
Date:1997
Status:Published
Keywords:Spektroskopie, Infrarot, Mars, Karbonate
Event Title:XXII General Assembly of the European Geophysical Assembly, Vienna, Austria, April 21-25, 1997
HGF - Research field:UNSPECIFIED
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:UNSPECIFIED
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:02 Apr 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 09:50

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