Reflectance Spectroscopy of Ferric Sulfate-Bearing Montmorillonites as Mars Soil Analog Materials
Bishop, J. and Pieters, C.M.(1) and Burns, R.G.(2) and Edwards, J.O.(3) and Mancinelli, R.L.(4) and Fröschl, H.(5) (1995) Reflectance Spectroscopy of Ferric Sulfate-Bearing Montmorillonites as Mars Soil Analog Materials. Icarus, pp. 101-119. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
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Spectroscopic analyses have shown that smecthites enhanced in the laboratory with additionalferric species exhibitimportant similarities to those of the soils on MArs. Ferrihydrite in these chemically treated smectites has features in the visible to near- infrared region that resemble the energies and band strengths of features in reflectance spectra observed for several bright regions on Mars. New samples have been prepared with sulfate as well, becauseS was found by Viking to be a major component in the surface materialon MArs. A suite of ferrihydrite-bearing and ferric sulfate-bearing montmorillonites, prepared with variable Fe3+ and S concentrations and variable pH conditions, has been analyzed using reflectance spectroscopy in the visible and infrared regions, Moessbauer spectroscopy at room temperature and 4 K, differential thermal analysis, and X-ray diffraction. These analyses support the formationof ferrihydrite of variable crystallinity in the ferrihydrite-bearingmontmorillonites and a combination of schwertmannite and ferrihydritein the ferric sulfate-bearing montmorillonites. Small quantities of poorly chrystalline and nanophase forms of other ferric materials mayalso be present in these samples. The chemical formation conditions of the ferrihydrite-bearing and ferric sulfate-bearing montmorillonites influence the character of the low temperature moessbauer sextets and the visible reflectance spectra. An absorptionminimum is observed at 0.88-0.89 muem in spectra of the ferric sulfate-bearing samples, and at 0.89-0.92 muem in spectra of the ferrihydrite-bearing montmorillonites. Moessbauer spectra of the ferric sulfate-bearing montmorillonites indicate variable concentrations of ferrihydrite and schwertmannite in the interlaminarspaces and along grain surfaces.
|Title:||Reflectance Spectroscopy of Ferric Sulfate-Bearing Montmorillonites as Mars Soil Analog Materials|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Icarus|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 101-119|
|Publisher:||Academic Press, San Diego, USA|
|Keywords:||Mars, spectroscopy, analogs|
|HGF - Research field:||UNSPECIFIED|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research area:||UNSPECIFIED|
|DLR - Program:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung|
|Deposited By:||elib DLR-Beauftragter|
|Deposited On:||02 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 09:48|
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