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Semi-automated extraction of DTMs for studies of the lunar surface using Apollo metric and Clementine stereo pair imagery

Cook, A.C. and Roatsch, T. and Oberst, J. and Hoffmann, H. and Jaumann, R. and Neukum, G. (1994) Semi-automated extraction of DTMs for studies of the lunar surface using Apollo metric and Clementine stereo pair imagery. In: Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 3, 1097-. American Institute of Physics, New York, USA. 26th Annual Meeting of the AAS, Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) Washington, DC, 31 Oct. - 4 Nov. 1994.

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Abstract

A technique is described that has been used to semi-automatically generate Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) of the lunar surface using stereo pair images obtained from the Apollo Metric cameras, and from the Clementine spacecraft. This involves using digital images of the Moon's surface (scanned from photographs in the case of Metric) for automated stereo matching with the "Gotcha" software developed at University College London. The resulting stero disparity data are then passed through a camera model and, with the aid of some manually derived control points, a DTM can be produced. This entire process can be performed in under one day on a Sun Sparc 1 for a Metric stereo pair. Apollo Metric stero imagery has a ground resolution of 25m and a height precision of 30m, but is limited in coverage to near equatorial regions. Clementine stereo imagery has aground pixel size of 100m at best, and a height precision of the order of 1km over the majority of the Moon. However in the polar areas, and other regions that were imaged specifically for stereo, the height precision is improved to the order of 100m. The heigth imformation derived from the DTM yields important additional data for the geologic interpretation of surface features like: depth to diameter ratio and volume studies for craters down to a diameter of 1 km, the thickness of lava flows and crater ejecta, and cross-sections through tectonic features and impact basin rings. In addition the DTM allows us to enhance the morphology of surface features that normally appears camouflaged by albedo markings or shading, and they can provide local slope information to support lunar surface photometric studies. Examples are given of a DTM covering the region to the west of Tiolkovskiy from Apollo Metric, and experiments to stereo match the polar regions of the Moon from Clementine imagery.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1994,
Title:Semi-automated extraction of DTMs for studies of the lunar surface using Apollo metric and Clementine stereo pair imagery
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Cook, A.C.UNSPECIFIED
Roatsch, T.UNSPECIFIED
Oberst, J.UNSPECIFIED
Hoffmann, H.UNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, R.UNSPECIFIED
Neukum, G.UNSPECIFIED
Date:1994
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society
Volume:3
Page Range:1097-
Publisher:American Institute of Physics, New York, USA
Series Name:26
Status:Published
Keywords:Clementine; Apollo, Stereomatching, Moon
Event Title:26th Annual Meeting of the AAS, Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) Washington, DC, 31 Oct. - 4 Nov. 1994
HGF - Research field:UNSPECIFIED
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:UNSPECIFIED
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:02 Apr 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 09:47

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