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Asteroid 5335 Damocles and its implications for cometary dynamics

Asher, D.J.(1,2), and Bailey, M.E.(3) and Hahn, G. and Steel, D.I.(4,5), (1994) Asteroid 5335 Damocles and its implications for cometary dynamics. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 267, pp. 26-42.

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Results are presented for the long-term resolution of an ensemble of orbits similar to that of the high-inclination, intermediate-period asteroid 5335 Damocles (formerly 1991 DA). This body has a chaotic orbit that crosses the orbits of Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus, but is relatively stable for several x10_4 yr either side of the present because the orientation does not allow close encounters with the two largest planets. The short-term evolution is dominated by mean-motion resonances with Jupiter leading to extended periods of almost constants semimajor axis, while secular pertubations and random close encounters with the major planets on time-scale greater x 10_4 yr cause occasional transition to orbits of small perihelion distance. There is substantial probability that the future orbit will cross that of the Earth, and Damocles may spend 25 per cent of its lifetime on such an orbit. Although Damocles has been classified as an asteroid, it seems likely to be an inactive cometary nucleus with dynamical characteristics typical of Halley-type comets. It is suggested that Damocles may be the first of the significant population of such bodies to be discovered which make a major contribution of the flux of Earth impactors.

Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1994,
Title:Asteroid 5335 Damocles and its implications for cometary dynamics
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Asher, D.J.(1,2), UNSPECIFIED
Steel, D.I.(4,5), UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 26-42
Keywords:Methods, numerical-celestial mechanics, stellar dynamics-comets: general-minor planets, asteroids
HGF - Research field:UNSPECIFIED
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:UNSPECIFIED
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:02 Apr 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 09:46

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