Reflectance Spectra of Andesitic Rocks: Comparison between Chemical and Mineralogical Information.
Hoffmann, H. and Jaumann, R. and Neukum, G. (1990) Reflectance Spectra of Andesitic Rocks: Comparison between Chemical and Mineralogical Information. European Geophysical Society, XV General Assembly, 23-27 April 1990, Copenhagen.
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The knowledge of the mineralogical and chemical composition of planetary surfaces is essential for evaluating differentiation and alteration processes. For this purpose, the most useful remote sensing technique is spectrophotometry in the visible and near infrared. Spectrophotometric analyzing techniques are based on laboratory spectra. Quantitative methods require statistical procedures like principal component analysis. Most studies so far have focused on the determination of the mineralogy. Recently the spectrophotometric analysis of lunar data is used for a quantitative estimation of chemical parameters. Proceeding from these results we performed laboratory measurements from 0.5-2.5 ym in order to compare the relation between reflectance spectra and chemical and mineralogical components, respectively. Andesitic rocks are considered as a probable analogue for martian material. The spectral signatures are dominated by absorption features due to Fe2+, Fe3+, and the OH--ion. For comparison, the spectra were fitted as a multiple linear regression of the chemical and mineralogical composition. The chemical influence dominates at 0.7-1.6 and 0.6 ym. At longer wavelengths the minaralogy becomes more prominent. PCA analysis was performed for different wavelength ranges. The spectral characteristic of eigenvectors for higher order eigenvalues can be attributed to compositional constituents. The relation of principal components with chemical and mineralogical constituents is tested.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)|
|Title:||Reflectance Spectra of Andesitic Rocks: Comparison between Chemical and Mineralogical Information.|
|Keywords:||Spectrophotometry, Reflectance Spectra, Andesite, Hydrated Silicates|
|Event Title:||European Geophysical Society, XV General Assembly, 23-27 April 1990, Copenhagen|
|HGF - Research field:||UNSPECIFIED|
|HGF - Program:||no assignment|
|HGF - Program Themes:||no assignment|
|DLR - Research area:||UNSPECIFIED|
|DLR - Program:||no assignment|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Institutes and Institutions:||German Remote Sensing Data Center > Institut für Optoelektronik|
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Institut für Optoelektronik
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Institut für Optoelektronik
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||02 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 09:31|
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