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The TanDEM-X Mission Design and Data Acquisition Plan

Fiedler, Hauke and Krieger, Gerhard and Werner, Marian and Reiniger, Klaus and Eineder, Michael and D'Amico, Simone and Diedrich, Erhard and Wickler, Martin (2006) The TanDEM-X Mission Design and Data Acquisition Plan. In: Proceedings of European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR), p. 4. European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR), 2006-05-16 - 2006-05-18, Dresden, Germany.

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Abstract

The TanDEM-X mission comprises two fully active synthetic aperture radar Xband satellites, operating three years as a joint mission. The primary goal of this mission is the derivation of a high-precision global DEM according to HRTI level 3 quality. Also secondary mission goals shall be performed like e.g. digital beam-forming, along-track interferometry or bi-static experiments. The orbit control is based on the HELIX principle, an e/i-vector separation of the two satellites, enabling a safe and collision free operation of the spacecrafts. This formation is highly reconfigurable and allows many kinds of applications. To achieve the primary goal, a data acquisition strategy is derived, which proves the feasibility of a single global mapping of the Earth in approximately 1½ years. This strategy works as a reference scenario, which specifies for each orbit different possible data acquisitions at various latitudes with several incident angles. This is necessary to avoid data acquisition conflicts with the original TerraSAR-X mission. It is envisaged that each satellite covers 50 percent of the already planned TerraSAR-X mission, leaving enough monitoring time for the joint mission. For deriving such a highly accurate DEM, it is prerequisite that the baselines and their corresponding height of ambiguities correspond to the requirements of the HRTI-3 standard. Therefore, as the baselines vary with latitude and incident angle, the formation shall be adjusted such that each scene is monitored with an optimum baseline. Due to topographic influences, one data acquisition might not suffice for terrain with steep gradients; for such regions, additional monitoring time is allocated in a second mission phase. For these additional data acquisitions, the formation is reconfigured. This second phase will last approximately one year, leaving enough time in this three year mission scenario for a third phase to allow for secondary mission goals like e.g. along-track interferometry, bi-static mapping or digital beamforming. For this whole scenario, the total fuel consumption is estimated taking into account relative orbit control, manoeuvre budget for formation control, and formation reconfiguration. Finally, a brief data reception concept is presented which allows for sufficient downlink capacity with a network of ground stations. Furthermore, a data processing system is presented which is compatible with already existing structures developed for the TerraSARX mission. A modular processing chain is introduced, which allows the handling of a large amount of data (based on developments from SRTM and TerraSAR-X), bi-static imaging, multi-baseline interferometry, global calibration, precision mosaicking, and data archiving.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:The TanDEM-X Mission Design and Data Acquisition Plan
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Fiedler, HaukeUNSPECIFIED
Krieger, GerhardUNSPECIFIED
Werner, MarianUNSPECIFIED
Reiniger, KlausUNSPECIFIED
Eineder, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
D'Amico, SimoneUNSPECIFIED
Diedrich, ErhardUNSPECIFIED
Wickler, MartinUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR)
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 4
Editors:
EditorsEmail
VDE, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:TanDEM-X, mission concept, formation flying, data downlink, processing chain, SAR interferometry
Event Title:European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR)
Event Location:Dresden, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-05-16 - 2006-05-18
Organizer:VDE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Entwicklung eines Mini-SAR (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > International Ground Segment
Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Microwaves and Radar Institute
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Image Science
Space Operations and Astronaut Training
German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Dr. Hauke Fiedler
Deposited On:29 May 2006
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:10

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