Remote sensing of stratocumulus clouds: Uncertainties and biases due to inhomogeneity
Zinner, Tobias and Mayer, Bernhard (2006) Remote sensing of stratocumulus clouds: Uncertainties and biases due to inhomogeneity. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, . DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006955.
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Standard cloud remote sensing techniques rely on two basic assumptions: First, clouds are assumed to be plane-parallel and homogeneous within each satellite pixel. Second, pixels are assumed independent and the net horizontal radiative transport between pixels is neglected. These assumptions cause considerable uncertainty and bias in the retrieval of cloud properties, which depend on the sensors spatial resolution as well as the illumination and observation geometry. The errors are quantified for several typical sensor settings. Basis of the investigation is a high resolution three-dimensional cloud data set of marine stratocumulus obtained from airborne radiance observations. For this predefined cloud data the sensor signals are simulated using a 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer model. Cloud properties (optical thickness, effective radius) are retrieved for the simulated observations using a two-channel retrieval, which are then compared to the given cloud data. For the retrieval of the optical thickness the main findings are: Large uncertainty of individual pixel values occurs for a high spatial resolution (e.g. airborne sensors) due to non-negligible horizontal photon transport at this pixel size. For the typical polar orbiting and geostationary sensor settings the neglect of sub-pixel inhomogeneity takes effect as well. Nonetheless, biases are generally small within +/-5%, if pixels are overcast. If this is not guaranteed, the bias grows rapidly -- e.g. to typical underestimations of 20% and more for a geostationary sensor. For the retrieval of effective radius values are generally found to be about 5% larger than expected for idealized homogeneous plane-parallel cloud conditions.
|Title:||Remote sensing of stratocumulus clouds: Uncertainties and biases due to inhomogeneity|
|Date:||11 July 2006|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Geophysical Research|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Keywords:||remote sensing, inhomogeneity, clouds, 3D radiative transfer|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Projekt Partikel und Zirren II (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Remote Sensing|
|Deposited By:||Dr.rer.nat. Tobias Zinner|
|Deposited On:||20 Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 05:00|
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