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Assessment of the potential improvement due to multiple apertures in central receiver systems with secondary concentrators

Schmitz, Mark and Schwarzbözl, Peter and Buck, Reiner and Pitz-Paal, Robert (2006) Assessment of the potential improvement due to multiple apertures in central receiver systems with secondary concentrators. Solar Energy, 80, pp. 111-120. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2005.02.012.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V50-4FSV0CW-3&_user=100058&_handle=V-WA-A-W-AB-MsSWYWW-UUA-U-AAVAYYAEBY-AABEVZWDBY-ZVUBACCUY-AB-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2006&_rdoc=10&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235772%232006%2399919999


When striving for maximum efficiencies in solar thermal central receiver systems (CRS) the use of gas turbines with bottoming cycles is inevitable. Pressurized volumetric receivers have proven their feasibility and good performance, and their integration into gas turbine cycles has been demonstrated. One disadvantage of this system is the necessity to use secondary concentrators. The sunlight has to be concentrated into the relatively small glass windows of the receiver, which leads to a limited view cone. This means that of all the possible heliostat positions around the tower, only those within the ellipse, resulting from the section boundary of the view cone with the ground plane, are usable. For small systems, for which tower costs are small, the resulting heliostat field layout is similar, with or without secondary concentrator. For large systems, which are more cost-effective, tower costs become significant, and the losses due to atmospheric attenuation and spillage dominate over the cosine losses. Thus, the purely North-oriented fields become increasingly sub-optimal. This article shall demonstrate at what power levels this problem can be alleviated by not using a single, North-oriented aperture, but up to six apertures—each of them associated with a separate heliostat field.

Document Type:Article
Title:Assessment of the potential improvement due to multiple apertures in central receiver systems with secondary concentrators
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schwarzbözl, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Pitz-Paal, RobertUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Solar Energy
Page Range:pp. 111-120
Keywords:Solar thermal power, Central receiver system, CRS, Gas turbine, Combined cycle, Multiple apertures, Heliostat field, HFLCAL
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:E SF - Solar research (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solare Hochtemperatursysteme (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Thermodynamics > Solar Research
Deposited By: Dr.-Ing. Mark Schmitz
Deposited On:08 Feb 2006
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:10

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