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Optical properties under exposure to ultra short laser pulses

Hüttner, Bernd (2002) Optical properties under exposure to ultra short laser pulses. Journal of Physics - Condensed Matter, 14, pp. 6689-6700. IOP Publishing Ltd.

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Abstract

For the description of the interaction of a fs-laser pulse with a solid, the standard values of the properties of a solid are not suited because they have experimentally been determined or theoretically derived under the assumptions of a steady state and local thermal equilibrium. Depending on the property considered and the laser pulse duration either one or both of these conditions may be violated. This is caused by the appear-ance of a local thermal nonequilibrium, a nonsteady state, and the possibly large difference between the temperatures of the electron and phonon subsystem. For a deeper understanding and for the predictability of experimental results, it is essential to have knowl-edge of the optical properties and especially of the absorption and of the optical penetration depth on the fs time scale. In this paper, we derive equations for the optical properties of metals in the case of local thermal nonequilibrium between the electron and phonon system. For given laser intensities, we calculate, as an example, the optical properties for gold. For this purpose, we need the time dependent temperatures of the electrons and phonons. They are evaluated by means of our extended two temperature model. Finally, we compare the results with the standard equilibrium behavior as well as with the experimental findings and close with a short discussion.

Document Type:Article
Title:Optical properties under exposure to ultra short laser pulses
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Hüttner, BerndUNSPECIFIED
Date:2002
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Physics - Condensed Matter
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:14
Page Range:pp. 6689-6700
Publisher:IOP Publishing Ltd
Status:Published
Keywords:optical properties, short time physics, nonequilibrium, electrical conductivity, dielectric function, transient thermal reflectivity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Laser Research and Technology
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Physics
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Bernd Hüttner
Deposited On:09 Feb 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 20:53

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