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Comparative lightcraft impulse measurements

Schall, W.O. and Eckel, Hans-Albert and Mayerhofer, W. and Riede, W. and Zeyfang, E. (2002) Comparative lightcraft impulse measurements. In: High-Power Laser Ablatio IV, 4760, pp. 908-917. High-Power Laser Ablation IV, Taos, NM, USA, 22-26. April 2002. ISBN 0-8194-4524-X.

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Abstract

The impulse coupling coefficients of two radically different laser propulsion thruster concepts (lightcrafts), each 10 cm in diameter, have been measured under equal conditions using two different pendulum test stands. One test stand and one lightcraft of toroidal shape were provided by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory. The other test stand and a bell shaped (i.e. a paraboloid) lightcraft were those of the German Aerospace Center (DLR). All experiments employed the DLR electron-beam sustained, pulsed CO2 laser with pulse energies up to 400 J. The laser was operated with two configurations: 1) a stable resonator (flat beam profile); and, 2) an unstable resonator (ring shaped beam profile). A first series of experiments was carried out in the open laboratory environment. Propellant, therefore, was either the surrounding air alone, or Delrin as an added solid propellant. The coupling coefficient was determined as a function of the laser pulse energy. In a second series, the same experiments were repeated at various reduced pressure levels with the German lightcraft suspended in a vacuum vessel. This simulates the conditions of a transitional flight from within the atmosphere to outer space. As an additional parameter the specific mass consumption of Delrin (gram/Joule) was measured for each parameter set, allowing the determination of the average exhaust velocity in vacuum.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2002,
Title:Comparative lightcraft impulse measurements
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schall, W.O.UNSPECIFIED
Eckel, Hans-AlbertUNSPECIFIED
Mayerhofer, W.UNSPECIFIED
Riede, W.UNSPECIFIED
Zeyfang, E.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2002
Journal or Publication Title:High-Power Laser Ablatio IV
Volume:4760
Page Range:pp. 908-917
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Phipps, Claude R.UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Proceedings SPIE
ISBN:0-8194-4524-X
Status:Published
Keywords:Laser propulsion, Lightcraft, impulse coupling coefficient
Event Title:High-Power Laser Ablation IV, Taos, NM, USA, 22-26. April 2002
Organizer:SPIE-The Int. Society for Optical Engineering
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:L - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Laser Research and Technology
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Physics
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Hans-Albert Eckel
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:29 Apr 2010 20:46

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