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Properties of aged forest fire plumes after intercontinental transport across the Atlantic Ocean

Petzold, Andreas and Weinzierl, Bernadett and Feldpausch, Philipp and Huntrieser, Heidi and Fiebig, Markus and Minikin, Andreas and Schlager, Hans and Stohl, Andreas and Real, Elsa and Law, Kathy and Pietras, Christophe (2005) Properties of aged forest fire plumes after intercontinental transport across the Atlantic Ocean. In: 2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference Abstracts. 2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference, 2005-10-17 - 2005-10-21, Austin, TX (USA).

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Abstract

During the ICARTT study in summer 2004, measurements on the intercontinental transport of aerosols from biogenic and anthropogenic origin were performed at the European west coast as a part of the ICARTT-ITOP study (Intercontinental Transport of Ozone and Precursors). During the study the German Falcon 20 research aircraft was operating from an airport north of Paris. The aircraft was equipped with extensive in-situ aerosol and trace gas instrumentation. Additionally, a ground-based aerosol lidar at Palaiseau south of Paris monitored the vertical structure of the atmosphere. Trajectory analyses permitted the identification of the plume origin for several case events. During the ITOP activities in summer 2004, forest fire plumes from Canada and Alaska were transported very frequently in the free troposphere across the Northern Atlantic and probed by the Falcon and by the lidar. Physico-chemical properties of the forest fire plumes showed a strong absorption signal in the visible spectral range, the complete absence of nucleation mode particles, an almost depleted Aitken mode and an enhanced accumulation mode compared to the undisturbed background aerosol. Volatility analyses of Aitken and accumulation mode particles indicated the influence of ageing processes on the aerosol properties. It turned out that the accumulation mode aerosol inside these forest fire plumes was completely internally mixed with nonvolatile cores, while in the undisturbed background aerosol a considerable fraction of entirely volatile particles was found even in the accumulation mode. The forest fire plumes also showed enhanced CO mixing ratios. An overview over the aerosol properties as a function of the plume age will be given based on a large set of investigated plume events.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Properties of aged forest fire plumes after intercontinental transport across the Atlantic Ocean
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Petzold, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Weinzierl, BernadettUNSPECIFIED
Feldpausch, PhilippUNSPECIFIED
Huntrieser, HeidiUNSPECIFIED
Fiebig, MarkusUNSPECIFIED
Minikin, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Schlager, HansUNSPECIFIED
Stohl, AndreasNILU, Kjeller, N
Real, ElsaUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, F
Law, KathyUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, F
Pietras, ChristopheEcole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, F
Date:October 2005
Journal or Publication Title:2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference Abstracts
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Intercontinental Transport, ITOP, Forest Fire Aeosol
Event Title:2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference
Event Location:Austin, TX (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2005-10-17 - 2005-10-21
Organizer:American Association for Aerosol Research
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Petzold
Deposited On:16 Jul 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 04:53

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