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Particle Emissions from Aircraft Engines–A Survey of the European Project PartEmis

Petzold, Andreas and Fiebig, Markus and Fritzsche, Lutz and Stein, Claudia and Schumann, Ulrich and Wilson, Chris W. and Hurley, Chris D. and Arnold, Frank and Ktragkou, Eleni and Baltensperger, Urs and Gysel, Martin and Nyeki, Stephan and Hitzenberger, Regina and Giebl, Heinrich and Hughes, Kevin J. and Kurtenbach, Ralf and Wiesen, Peter and Madden, Paul and Puxbaum, Hans and Vrochticky, Susanne and Wahl, Claus (2005) Particle Emissions from Aircraft Engines–A Survey of the European Project PartEmis. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 14, pp. 465-476. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0054.

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Official URL: http://www.dmg-ev.de/gesellschaft/publikationen/zeitschrift.htm

Abstract

An overview of the goals and achievements of the European PartEmis project (Measurement and prediction of emissions of aerosols and gaseous precursors from gas turbine engines) is presented. PartEmis was focussed on the characterisation and quantification of exhaust emissions from a gas turbine engine. The engine was composed of a combustor and a unit to simulate a 3-shaft turbine section (so-called Hot End Simulator; HES). A comprehensive suite of aerosol, gas and chemi-ion measurements were conducted under different, i) combustor and HES operating conditions, ii) fuel sulphur concentrations. Measured aerosol properties were mass and number concentration, size distribution, mixing state, thermal stability of internally mixed particles, hygroscopicity, cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activation potential, and chemical composition. Furthermore, chemi-ions, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and OH were monitored. The combustor operation conditions corresponded to modern and older engine gas path temperatures at cruise altitude, with fuel sulphur contents (FSC) of 0.05, 0.41, and 1.270 g kg<sup>−1</sup>. The combustor behaved like a typical aircraft engine combustor with respect to thermodynamic data and main emissions, which suggests that the PartEmis database may be applicable to contemporary aircraft engines. The conclusions drawn from the PartEmis experiment are discussed separately for combustion particles, ultrafine particles, sulphate-containing species and chemi-ions, particle hygrioscopic growth and CCN activation, gaseous organic fraction, and emission properties.

Document Type:Article
Title:Particle Emissions from Aircraft Engines–A Survey of the European Project PartEmis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Petzold, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Fiebig, MarkusUNSPECIFIED
Fritzsche, LutzUNSPECIFIED
Stein, ClaudiaUNSPECIFIED
Schumann, UlrichUNSPECIFIED
Wilson, Chris W.QinetiQ, Farnborough, UK
Hurley, Chris D.QinetiQ, Farnborough, UK
Arnold, FrankMax Planck Inst. for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg
Ktragkou, EleniMax Planck Inst. for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg
Baltensperger, UrsPaul Scherrer Inst., Villigen, CH
Gysel, MartinPaul Scherrer Inst., Villigen, CH
Nyeki, StephanPaul Scherrer Inst., Villigen, CH
Hitzenberger, ReginaUniv. of Vienna, Vienna, A
Giebl, HeinrichUniv. of Vienna, Vienna, A
Hughes, Kevin J.Univ. of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Kurtenbach, RalfUniv. of Wuppertal, Wuppertal
Wiesen, PeterUniv. of Wuppertal, Wuppertal
Madden, PaulRolls Royce plc, UK
Puxbaum, HansVienna Univ. of Technology, Vienna, A
Vrochticky, SusanneVienna Univ. of Technology, Vienna, A
Wahl, ClausUNSPECIFIED
Date:August 2005
Journal or Publication Title:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:14
DOI:10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0054
Page Range:pp. 465-476
Status:Published
Keywords:PARTEMIS, combustion aerosol, aircraft emissions
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Stuttgart , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Combustion Technology > Combustion Diagnostícs
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Petzold
Deposited On:30 Jan 2008
Last Modified:11 Nov 2014 21:56

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