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Long-term variability of solar direct and global radiation derived from ISCCP data and comparison with reanalysis data

Lohmann, Sina und Schillings, Christoph und Mayer, Bernhard und Meyer, Richard (2006) Long-term variability of solar direct and global radiation derived from ISCCP data and comparison with reanalysis data. Solar Energy, 80, Seiten 1390-1401. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2006.03.004.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/solener

Kurzfassung

Annual variations of solar radiation at the Earth’s surface may be strong and could seriously harm the return of investment for solar energy projects. This paper analyzes the long-term variability of broadband surface solar radiation based on 18 years of three-hourly satellite observations from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP). Direct normal irradiance (DNI) and global horizontal irradiance (GHI) at the surface are derived through radiative transfer calculations, using different physical input parameters describing the actual composition of the atmosphere. Validation of DNI is performed with two years of high resolution Meteosat-derived irradiance. Monthly averages show an average mean bias deviation of −1.7%. Results for DNI from the 18-year time series indicate strong and significant increases for several regions in the subtropics up to +4 W/m<sup>2</sup> per year, with exception of Australia, where a small decrease in DNI of –1 W/m<sup>2</sup> per year is observed. Inter-annual variability for DNI is very strong and sometimes exceeds 20%. Comparisons of calculations with and without volcanic aerosol reveal a decrease of up to 16% in annual averages due to volcano eruptions. Changes in GHI are much smaller and less significant. Results show a maximum increase of 0.8 W/m<sup>2</sup> per year and an annual variability of less than 4%. Volcano eruptions reduce annual averages of GHI by less than 2.2%. The two reanalysis data sets investigated differ strongly from each other and are far off the validated results derived from satellite data. Trends are weaker and less significant or even of opposite sign.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Long-term variability of solar direct and global radiation derived from ISCCP data and comparison with reanalysis data
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Lohmann, SinaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Schillings, ChristophNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Mayer, BernhardNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Meyer, RichardNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:November 2006
Erschienen in:Solar Energy
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:80
DOI :10.1016/j.solener.2006.03.004
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1390-1401
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:solar irradiance, radiative transfer, reanalysis, variability
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Energie
HGF - Programm:keine Zuordnung
HGF - Programmthema:E - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Energie
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:E - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):E - keine Zuordnung, W - keine Zuordnung (alt)
Standort: Stuttgart , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Fernerkundung der Atmosphäre
Institut für Technische Thermodynamik > Systemanalyse und Technikbewertung
Hinterlegt von: Sina Lohmann
Hinterlegt am:20 Apr 2007
Letzte Änderung:11 Nov 2014 21:56

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