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Coal fire quantification and detection using the DLR experimental bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) small satellite

Tetzlaff, Anke and Zhukov, Boris and Hirner, Andreas and Künzer, Claudia and Voigt, Stefan (2005) Coal fire quantification and detection using the DLR experimental bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) small satellite. Small Satellites for Earth Observation - Selected Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of the International Academy of Astronautics, Berlin 4-8, 2005, H.-P. Röser, R. Sandau, A. Valenzuela (eds.), ISBN:3-11-018851-1, V, pp. 255-262.

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Abstract

Coal fires cause severe environmental and economic problems worldwide. In the current paper we analyse the potential of the experimental bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) small satellite to register coal fire related spectral radiances and we present BIRD data acquired over two coal fire areas in Northern China. Based on field observations of coal fires in the investigated areas, we visually outline potential coal fire areas on BIRD data and apply the Bi-spectral technique [4] to estimate potential coal fire temperatures, sizes and radiative energy releases. We compare the BIRD derived quantitative coal fire parameters to field measurements from two field campaigns carried out in September 2003 and September 2003 in China. This study demonstrates that in particular BIRD night-time data have a high potential to register coal fires. The majority of the coal fire areas in the investigated coalfields can be clearly outlined on BIRD night-time data. In addition, BIRD derived coal fire temperatures correlate well with field observations indicating the high potential of the BIRD technology to derive physical meaningful coal seam fire parameters. The comparison of ETM and BIRD data reveals that the BIRD MIR spectral band is radiometrically more sensitive to coal fires than the ETM TIR spectral channel. However, the factor six higher spatial resolution of the ETM allows it to perform better than BIRD at night-time.

Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2005,
Title:Coal fire quantification and detection using the DLR experimental bi-spectral infrared detection (BIRD) small satellite
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Tetzlaff, AnkeSMHI, Norrköping, Schweden und DFD
Zhukov, BorisOS
Hirner, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Künzer, ClaudiaUNSPECIFIED
Voigt, StefanUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Small Satellites for Earth Observation - Selected Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of the International Academy of Astronautics, Berlin 4-8, 2005, H.-P. Röser, R. Sandau, A. Valenzuela (eds.), ISBN:3-11-018851-1
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:V
Page Range:pp. 255-262
Status:Published
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Optical Information Systems
Deposited By: Ute Dombrowski
Deposited On:29 May 2006
Last Modified:23 Mar 2011 13:22

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