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Actuator Disc for Helicopter Rotors in the Unstructured Flow Solver TAU

Schweikhard, R. and Le Chuiton, F. (2005) Actuator Disc for Helicopter Rotors in the Unstructured Flow Solver TAU. 31st European Rotorcraft Forum, 2005-09-13 - 2005-09-15, Firenze, Italy.

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Abstract

Motivated by the demand for a fast flow simulation tool that takes the interaction between rotor and helicopter fuselage into account an actuator disc boundary condition suited for helicopter rotors in forward flight has been implemented in the unstructured DLR TAU code. The time-averaged effect of the rotor, which accelerates the flow and adds energy to the fluid is imposed using source terms in the Navier-Stokes equations where the actuator disc is located in the grid. The transfer of this approach previously implemented in the structured DLR FLOWer code, involved adapting the strategy to the unstructured framework. It is shown that propeller simulation results are in accordance to FLOWer results and simple 1D theory predictions. Moreover, rotor in forward flight cases prove the robustness of the implementation and resemble FLOWer results. Further development involved testing the implementation in parallel mode and a more sophisticated rotor force distribution is applied instead of a constant pressure jump. Finally, a comparison of the viscous flow field around the EC145 helicopter computed by TAU and FLOWer is performed. It shows that there is good agreement between the two codes in predicting the effect of the actuator disc on the fuselage pressure distribution.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2005,
Title:Actuator Disc for Helicopter Rotors in the Unstructured Flow Solver TAU
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schweikhard, R.UNSPECIFIED
Le Chuiton, F.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Status:Published
Keywords:Helicopter Aerodynamics, Actuator Disc, Interactional Aerodynamics, Unstructured CFD
Event Title:31st European Rotorcraft Forum
Event Location:Firenze, Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2005-09-13 - 2005-09-15
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Concepts & Integration
Location: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig , Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology
Deposited By: Claudia Grant
Deposited On:11 Jan 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 20:00

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