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Estimation of along-track velocity of road vehicles in SAR data

Palubinskas, Gintautas and Meyer, Franz Josef and Runge, Hartmut and Reinartz, Peter and Scheiber, Rolf and Bamler, Richard (2005) Estimation of along-track velocity of road vehicles in SAR data. In: Proc. of SPIE Conference “Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XI”, pp. 1-9. Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XI, Bruges, Belgium, 19-22 Sept. 2005, Bruges, Belgien.

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Abstract

At the German Aerospace Center, DLR, an automatic and operational traffic processor for the TerraSAR-X ground segment is currently under development. The processor comprises the detection of moving objects on ground, their correct assignment to the road network, and the estimation of their velocities. Since traffic flow parameters are required for describing dynamics and efficiency of transportation, the estimation of the velocity of detected ground moving vehicles is an important task in traffic research science. In this paper we show for TerraSAR-X simulated data how the along-track velocity component of a moving vehicle can be derived indirectly by processing SAR data with varying frequency modulation (FM) rates and exploiting the specific behavior of the vehicle’s signal through the FM rate space. An airborne ATI-SAR campaign with DLR’s ESAR sensor has been conducted in April 2004 in order to investigate the different effects of ground moving objects on SAR data and to acquire a data basis for algorithm development and validation. Several test cars equipped with GPS sensors as well as vehicles of opportunity on motorways with unknown velocities were imaged with the radar under different conditions. To acquire reference data of superior quality, all vehicles were simultaneously imaged by an optical sensor on the same aircraft allowing their velocity estimation from sequences of images. The paper concentrates on the estimation of along-track velocities of moving vehicles from SAR data. Velocity measurements of vehicles in controlled experiments are presented, including data processing, comparison with GPS and optical reference data and error analysis.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2005,
Title:Estimation of along-track velocity of road vehicles in SAR data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Palubinskas, GintautasUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, Franz JosefUNSPECIFIED
Runge, HartmutUNSPECIFIED
Reinartz, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Scheiber, RolfUNSPECIFIED
Bamler, RichardUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Proc. of SPIE Conference “Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XI”
Page Range:pp. 1-9
Editors:
EditorsEmail
SPIE, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:Ground moving target detection, SAR azimuth focusing, matched filter bank, velocity estimation
Event Title:Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XI, Bruges, Belgium, 19-22 Sept. 2005
Event Location:Bruges, Belgien
Event Type:international Conference
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignement
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):W -- no assignement (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Deposited By: Cornelia Roehl
Deposited On:02 Dec 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 12:49

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