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Design Considerations for large format far-infrared array detectors

Wolf, J. and Hoffmann, A.W. and Beeman, J.W. and Farhoomand, J. (2002) Design Considerations for large format far-infrared array detectors. In: Proceedings FAR-IR, SUB-MM & MM Detector Technoloy Workshop, 211408, 3-14-. NASA. FAR-IR, SUB-MM & MM Detector Technoloy Workshop, Monterey, CA, 1-3 April 2002.

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Efficient long wavelength broadband and spectral imaging on SOFIA and in future FIR/sub-mm missions will require large two-dimensional detector arrays. While monolithic near infrared arrays of up to 2048 x 2048 pixels are available, observations at wavelengths beyond 40 µm are still limited to mosaics of 32 x 32 or less pixels. We describe how to combine state-of-the-art FIR/sub-mm photoconductor technology and the elaborate industrial production techniques of the near and mid-infrared to produce larger, more reliable and eventually easier to make long wavelength arrays. This approach includes monolithic photoconductor array configurations optimized for quantum effciency and dark current. For electrical connection to a twodimensional readout chip indium bump bonds similar to those in shorter wavelengths large-format arrays are used. The readout is based on the successful cryo-CMOS technology developed for SIRTF and SOFIA/AIRES. Differences in thermal contraction between detector and readout materials are addressed using techniques developed for large HgCdTe arrays. Initially, we plan for extrinsic Germanium photoconductor arrays of up to 128 x 128 pixels for wavelengths out to 130 µm. Longer wavelengths can be covered as blocked-impurity band Germanium, GaAs or other new detectors become available. Larger arrays may become feasible once the design concepts have been proven.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2003,
Title:Design Considerations for large format far-infrared array detectors
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Hoffmann, A.W.Raytheon Infrared Operations, St.Barbara, CA, USA
Beeman, J.W.Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
Farhoomand, J.Techno Science Corp. Palo Alto, CA, USA
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings FAR-IR, SUB-MM & MM Detector Technoloy Workshop
Page Range:3-14-
Series Name:NASA CP
Keywords:array detector, Ferninfrarot, Terahertz, SOFIA
Event Title:FAR-IR, SUB-MM & MM Detector Technoloy Workshop, Monterey, CA, 1-3 April 2002
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: Susanne Pieth
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 19:29

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