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Small Satellites – what are the prospects for topographic mapping in the next decade

Sandau, R. (2003) Small Satellites – what are the prospects for topographic mapping in the next decade. ISPRS Workshop High Resolution Mapping from Space 2003; Hannover, Oct. 6-8, 2003,.

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Official URL: http://www.ipi.uni-hannover.de/html/publikationen/2003/workshop/contents.htm

Abstract

The paper starts with the current situation in the field of mapping including topographic mapping. The ground sample distance (GSD) figures show the trend to smaller GSDs, using the highest ground resolution possible with the available technology at the given time. From the 80 m GSD of ERTS (later renamed to Landsat-1), the first satellite dedicated to civil space-borne Earth surface imaging launched in 1972, the GSD now approached 1m. Mass and power consumption of spacecrafts and instruments follow similar trends. Alternatives to passive optical systems as SAR and Laser Altimeters also benefit from the immense improvement in very divers fields of technology. Nevertheless, the most promising prospects for topographic mapping with small satellites are connected with passive optical systems, especially push-broom systems. The paper tries to contribute to the answer of the question, how far can we go with decreasing instrument size, mass and power consumption, and decreasing the GSD at the same time. After explaining the basic topographic mapping concepts, the paper deals with important parameters for mapping with small satellites: spatial resolution, radiometry, mass, volume, power consumption, microelectronics, pointing accuracy & stability, data volume and transmission. From the technology point of view, small satellite missions for topographic mapping are feasible. One system is already in Earth orbit, others are in the planning stage. There is a good chance to install mapping systems with a low cost space segment. It is a question of market requirement and behavior whether or not these small satellite based mapping systems can successfully compete with existing space-borne or airborne based mapping systems.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2003,
Title:Small Satellites – what are the prospects for topographic mapping in the next decade
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Sandau, R.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2003
Page Range:pp. 1-7
Status:Published
Keywords:remote sensing, mapping, small satellite, camera
Event Title:ISPRS Workshop High Resolution Mapping from Space 2003; Hannover, Oct. 6-8, 2003,
Organizer:ISPRS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: Ute Dombrowski
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 19:24

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