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On the simultaneous optical and near-infrared variability of pre-main sequence stars

Eiroa, C. and Oudmaijer, R. D. and Davies, J. K. and de Winter, D. and Garzon, F. and Palacios, J. and Alberdi, A. and Ferlet, R. and Grady, C. A. and Cameron, A. and Deeg, H. J. and Harris, A. W. and Horne, K. and Merin, B. and Miranda, L. F. and Montesinos, B. and Mora, A. and Penny, A. and Quirrenbach, A. and Rauer, H. and Schneider, J. and Solano, E. and Tsapras, Y. and Wesselius, P. R. (2002) On the simultaneous optical and near-infrared variability of pre-main sequence stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 384, pp. 1038-1049.

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Abstract

For a complete understanding of the physical processes causing the photometric variability of pre-main sequence systems, simultaneous optical and near-IR observations are required to disentangle the emission from the stars and that from their associated circumstellar disks. Data of this sort are extremely rare and little systematic work has been reported to date. The work presented in this paper is a systematic attempt in this direction. It presents an analysis of the simultaneous optical and near-IR photometric variability of 18 Herbig Ae/Be and T Tauri stars which were observed in October 98 by the EXPORT collaboration. The time difference between the UBVRI and JHK measurements is less than 1 hour in 50% of the data and the largest difference is around 2 hours in only 10% of the data. Twelve stars appear to show a correlation between the optical and near-IR variability trends, which suggests a common physical origin such as spots and/or variable extinction. The optical and near-IR variability is uncorrelated in the rest of the objects, which suggests it originates in distinctly different regions. In general, the optical variability qualitatively follows the predictions of starspots or variable extinction. As far as the near-IR is concerned, the simultaneity of the observations demonstrates that for most objects the flux is largely produced by their circumstellar disks and, consequently, in many cases the near-IR fluctuations must be attributed to structural variations of such disks producing variations of their thermal emission and/or scattered light. The observed near-IR changes of up to around 1 mag on timescales of 1-2 days provide interesting challenges for understanding the mechanisms generating such remarkable variabilities, an issue insufficiently investigated until now but one which deserves further theoretical and modeling efforts.

Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001,
Title:On the simultaneous optical and near-infrared variability of pre-main sequence stars
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Eiroa, C.Dpto. Física Teórica, C-XI, Facultad de Ciencieas, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
Oudmaijer, R. D.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Davies, J. K.Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, UK
de Winter, D.TNO/TPD-Space Instrumentation, Delft, The Netherlands
Garzon, F.Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Palacios, J.Dpto. Física Teórica, C-XI, Facultad de Ciencieas, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
Alberdi, A.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Granada, Spain
Ferlet, R.CNRS, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Paris, France
Grady, C. A.NOAO/STIS, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Cameron, A.Physics & Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland, UK
Deeg, H. J.Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Harris, A. W.UNSPECIFIED
Horne, K.Physics & Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland, UK
Merin, B.L.A.E.F.F., VILSPA, Madrid, Spain
Miranda, L. F.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Granada, Spain
Montesinos, B.L.A.E.F.F., VILSPA, Madrid, Spain
Mora, A.Dpto. Física Teórica, C-XI, Facultad de Ciencieas, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
Penny, A.Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, Oxfordshire, UK
Quirrenbach, A.Department of Physics, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
Rauer, H.UNSPECIFIED
Schneider, J.Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Solano, E.L.A.E.F.F., VILSPA, Madrid, Spain
Tsapras, Y.Physics & Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland, UK
Wesselius, P. R.SRON Universiteitscomplex "Zernike", Groningen, The Netherlands
Date:2002
Journal or Publication Title:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:384
Page Range:pp. 1038-1049
Status:Published
Keywords:stars formation, stars pre-main sequence, stars variables general, stars circumstellar matter, accretion, accretion disks
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:08 Dec 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 18:57

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