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Rocket Nozzle Cold-Gas Test Campaigns for Plume Investigations

Stark, R. and Kwan, W. and Quessard, F. and Hagemann, G. and Terhardt, M. (2001) Rocket Nozzle Cold-Gas Test Campaigns for Plume Investigations. In: European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles. 4th European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles, Capua, Italy, 15 - 18. October 2001.

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Within a joint research effort of Astrium and DLR, cold-gas test campaigns with subscale nozzles were performed to investigate a) the wall heat flux for separated nozzle flows, and b)the plume pattern for an overexpanded supersonic free-jet nozzle flow. For both test campaigns, a thrust-optimized, parabolic nozzle was the subject of investigation. This type of rocket nozzle, frequently used in the Western world for rocket engines, features two separation patterns during start-up and shut-down, or for engine operation with chamber pressures not sufficient to reach full-flowing in the nozzle extension, the classical free shock separation and restricted shock separation. The objective of both test campaigns was the investigation of the wall heat transfer in both separation patterns, and the investigation of the cap-shock pattern which special emphasis on the partly subsonic core vortex at the centreline. Wall temperatures were measured by infrared thermography, showing that a local heat flux increase is observed in the incipient separation. Furthermore, the formation of vortexes near the wall was observed. For the plume investigation, the core vortex was resolved by means of threads and laser induced grids. Experimental results for the core vortex position were compared with numerical flow field analyses.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001,
Title:Rocket Nozzle Cold-Gas Test Campaigns for Plume Investigations
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Hagemann, G.Astrium, München
Terhardt, M.Astrium, München
Journal or Publication Title:European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles
Event Title:4th European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles, Capua, Italy, 15 - 18. October 2001
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):E -- no assignement
Location: Lampoldshausen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Propulsion
Deposited By: Monika Lohmiller
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 13:56

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